2.Marmot, M. and Wilkinson, R. G., eds., Social Determinants of Health (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
3.Onie, R. D., Lavizzo-Mourey, R., Lee, T. H., Marks, J. S., and Perla, R. J., “Integrating social needs into health care: A twenty-year case study of adaptation and diffusion,” Health Affairs, 2018, 37(2): 240–247.
4.Brennan-Ramirez, L. K., Baker, E. A., and Metzler, M., Promoting Health Equity: A Resource to Help Communities Address Social Determinants of Health (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008).
5.Haskins, J., “Public 4 Health: Public health, planning come together to create healthier communities,” The Nation’s Health, 2018, 47(10): 1–12.
6.Christakis, N. A. and Fowler, J. H., “Quitting in droves: Collective dynamics of smoking behavior in a large social network,” New England Journal of Medicine, 2008, 358(21): 2249–2258.
7.Rosen, G., A History of Public Health, expanded ed. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993).
8.Brandon, W. P. and Alt, P. M., “The elderly: Health politics beyond aging?,” in Health Politics and Policy, 4th ed., Morone, J. A., Litman, T. J., and Robins, L. S., eds. (Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning, 2008), pp. 383–411.
9.Bradley, E. H., Elkins, B. R., Herrin, J., and Elbel, B., “Health and social services expenditures: Associations with health outcomes,” BMJ Quality and Safety, 2011, 20: 826–831.
10.Bradley, E. H. and Taylor, L., “To fix health, help the poor,” New York Times, December 9, 2011.
12.U.S. House of Representatives, Budget Committee, “The path to prosperity: A blueprint for American renewal,” fiscal year 2013 budget resolution, March 20, 2012.
13.Sommer, J., “Retirees at risk: Crisis looms for Social Security recipients,” New York Times, June 13, 2019.
14.Tankersley, J., “Cash flowing into Treasury starts to ebb: Corporate taxes fall and push up deficits,” New York Times, July 26, 2018.
15.“Mr. Trump’s nasty budget,” New York Times, February 13, 2018.
18.Light, P., Artful Work: The Politics of Social Security Reform (New York: Random House, 1985).
20.Bernstein, M. C. and Bernstein, J. B., Social Security: The System That Works (New York: Basic Books, 1988).
21.Quinton, S., “Chained CPI could relieve the national debt. So what is it?,” National Journal, December 12, 2012.
22.Shear, M. D., “President’s budget omits trims to Social Security: G.O.P. assailed for not budging on tax deal,” New York Times, February 21, 2014.
23.Cook, F. L. and Moskowitz, R. L., “The great divide: Elite and mass opinion about Social Security,” in The New Politics of Old Age Policy, 3rd ed., Hudson, R. B., ed. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014), pp. 69–96.
25.Biggs, A. G., Brown, J. R., and Springstead, G., “Alternative methods of price indexing Social Security: Implications for benefits and system financing,” Working Paper 11406, National Bureau of Economic Research, June 2005, https://www.nber.org/papers/w11406, accessed September 18, 2019.
27.Marmor, T. R., Mashaw, J. L., and Harvey, P. L., America’s Misunderstood Welfare State: Persistent Myths, Enduring Realities (New York: Basic Books, 1990).
28.Stewart, K. J. and Pavalone, J., “Attachment F: Experimental CPI for Americans 62 years of age and older,” news release, U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 3, 1996, https://www.bls.gov/news.release/cpi.br12396.a06.htm, accessed September 18, 2019.
30.Pearson, C. F., Quinn, C. C., Loganathan, S., Datta, A. Rupa, Mace, B. B., and Grabowski, D. C., “The forgotten middle: Many middle-income seniors will have insufficient resources for housing and health care,” Health Affairs, 2019, 38(5): 851–859.
31.Span, P., “Long on care needed, short on cash necessary,” New York Times, May 14, 2019.
35.Martin, A. B., Hartman, M., Washington, B., Catlin, A., and National Health Expenditure Accounts Team, “National health care spending in 2017: Growth slows to post-Great Recession rates; share of GDP stabilizes,” Health Affairs, 2019, 38(1): 96–106.
36.SSA, Office of the Chief Actuary, “Effects on Social Security financial status and on benefit levels of two potential modifications to the automatic annual cost of living adjustment (COLA) requested by Representative Xavier Becerra,” June 21, 2011, https://www.ssa.gov/oact/solvency/XBecerra_20110621.pdf, accessed September 18, 2019. 38.SSA, Office of the Chief Actuary, “Estimated financial effects of a proposal to restore sustainable solvency for the Social Security Program requested by Representative Jason Chaffetz,” November 9, 2011, https://www.ssa.gov/oact/solvency/JChaffetz_20111109.pdf, accessed September 18, 2019.
39.Johnson, R. W. and Wang, C. X., “The financial burden of paid home care on older adults: Oldest and sickest are least likely to have enough income,” Health Affairs, 2019, 38(6): 994–1002.
40.Derthick, M., Policy Making for Social Security (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1979).
42.Howard, C., “Means-testing of entitlements: Good policy? Good politics?,” in The New Politics of Old Age Policy, 3rd ed., Hudson, R. B., ed. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014), pp. 236–253.
43.Choi, H. and Schoeni, R. F., “Health of Americans who must work longer to reach Social Security retirement age,” Health Affairs, 2017, 36(10): 1815–1819.
44.Kindig, D., Nobles, J., and Zidan, M., “Meeting the Institute of Medicine’s 2030 US life expectancy target,” American Journal of Public Health, 2018, 108(1): 87–92.
45.Oxford Economics, “All work and no pay: The impact of forfeited time off,” survey conducted for the U.S. Travel Association, October 2014.
46.Ray, R., Sanes, M., and Schmitt, J., “No-vacation nation revisited.” Washington DC: Center for Economic and Policy Research, May 2013, http://cepr.net/documents/no-vacation-update-2014-04.pdf, accessed September 18, 2019.
47.Brooks, A. C., “What your vacation says about you,” New York Times, August 18, 2015.
49.“Promises to Keep: Rethinking the Future of Social Security,” New York Times, January 19, 1997.
50.Campbell, A. L., “Social Security, the Great Recession, and the entitlements problem,” in The New Politics of Old Age Policy, 3rd ed., Hudson, R. B., ed. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014), pp. 183–200.
51.Berkowitz, E. D., “The historical development of Social Security in the United States,” in Social Security in the 21st Century, Kingson, E. R. and Schulz, James H., eds. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 22–38.
52.Pierson, P., Dismantling the Welfare State? Reagan, Thatcher, and the Politics of Retrenchment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).
53.Jacobs, L. R. and Mettler, S., “When and how new policy creates new politics: Examining the feedback effects of the Affordable Care Act on public opinion,” Perspectives on Politics, 2018, 16(2): 345–363.
54.Chattopadhyay, J. M., “Is the Affordable Care Act cultivating a cross-class constituency? Income, partisanship and a proposal for tracing the contingent nature of positive policy feedback effects,” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 2018, 43(1): 19–67.
55.Kingdon, J. W., Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies, 2nd ed. (Boston: Longman, 2011).
56.Hempel, C. G., “Explanation in science and in history,” in The Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel: Studies in Science, Explanation, and Rationality, J. H. Fetzer, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 276–296.
57.Dray, W. H., “Explanation in history,” in Science, Explanation, and Rationality: Aspects of the Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel, Fetzer, James H., ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 217–242.
58.Day, C. L., What Older Americans Think: Interest Groups and Aging Policy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990).
59.Brandon, W. P. and Bradley, D. B., “The elderly and health politics: The ‘coming of age’ of aging,” in Health Politics and Policy, 3rd ed., Litman, T. J. and Robins, Leonard S., eds. (Albany, NY: Delmar, 1997).
60.Pratt, H. J., The Gray Lobby (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976).
61.Tankersley, J., “You’ll need much bigger tariffs to pay down the national debt,” New York Times, August 8, 2018.
62.Leonhardt, D., “For wages, a Trump slump,” New York Times, August 6, 2018.
63.Cooper, H., “Vice president pushes plan for military force in space: Idea is gaining support at the Pentagon,” New York Times, August 10, 2018.
65.Baumgartner, F. R. and Jones, B. D., Agendas and Instability in American Politics (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993).
66.Tuohy, C. H., Remaking Policy: Scale, Pace, and Political Strategy in Health Care Reform (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018).
67.Fischer, F. and Gottweis, H., eds., The Argumentative Turn Revisited: Public Policy as Communicative Practice (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012).
68.Majone, G., Evidence, Argument and Persuasion in the Policy Process (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989).
69.Lindblom, C. E., “The science of muddling through,” Public Administration Review, 1959, 19(2): 79–88.
70.Lindblom, C. E., Politics and Markets (New York: Basic Books, 1977).
71.Schulman, P. R., Large-Scale Policy Making (New York: Elsevier, 1980).
72.Barr, D. A., Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health, 2nd ed. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014).
73.Gertner, A. K., Rotter, J. S., and Shafer, P. R., “Association between state minimum wages and suicide rates in the U.S.,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2019, 56(5): 648–654.
75.McCully, C. R., Moyer, B. C., and Stewart, K. J., “Comparing the consumer price index and the personal expenditures price index,” Survey of Current Business, November 2007, 26–33, https://apps.bea.gov/scb/pdf/2007/11%20November/1107_cpipce.pdf, accessed September 18, 2019.