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Identification of potential donors for false smut resistance in elite breeding lines of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under field conditions

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 May 2022

Jagjeet Singh Lore*
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Jyoti Jain
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Sanjay Kumar
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Ishwinder Kamboj
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Pathology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Navjot Sidhu
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Renu Khanna
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Rupinder Kaur
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
Gurjit Singh Mangat
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
*
Author for correspondence: Jagjeet Singh Lore, E-mail: jagjeetsingh-pbg@pau.edu

Abstract

False smut of rice is an emerging disease and caused severe damage to hybrids and inbred rice cultivars grown in Asian countries. The objective of the study was to quantify of false smut resistance and identification of donors in some of the advanced breeding lines and rice varieties developed at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India. A total of 31 genotypes were evaluated for three years in two planting date per year under field conditions. The lines were categorized into short, medium and long durations based on days to flowering. False smut was quantified using different disease variables such as per cent infected panicle, number of false smut ball per plant and disease score. Disease variables were significantly and positively correlated to each other. The infected panicle ranged 0.0–75.4% was observed among the genotypes. Three advanced lines namely RGS-2 (short), RGM-3 (medium) and RGL-3 (long) showed the lowest ranged 0.0–4.9% of infected panicle as compared to susceptible checks (47.7–75.4%). The genotypes were divided into five groups according to a component of resistance. The third group had the lowest average values (3.3%) of infected panicle as compared to the fifth group with the highest values (36.2%) of the infected panicle. The overall trend of disease variables was higher in short duration genotypes as compared to medium and long durations. Weather factors such as rain fall, rainy days and high relative humidity during the flowering period were favourable for disease development. The genotypes with lower disease variables could be utilized in diseases resistance breeding programme.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of NIAB

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