Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Imagining Terror in an Era of Globalization: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Construction of Terrorism after 9/11

  • Catherine V. Scott (a1)

Abstract

Many analyses of U.S. foreign policy after September 11 have rested upon readings of the U.S. as a traditional imperialist power. In so doing, the constructions of Al Qaeda as a decentralized corporation and a virtual network are often ignored. Corporate and network constructions place less stress on conventional threats to the nation-state and instead portray terrorism in distinctively post-Fordist terms. This in turn helps explain the short-lived and partial patriotic responses to the terrorist attacks, as well as the contradictory place of race in portrayals of the threat facing the U.S. Together these discourses point to new ways of thinking about U.S. nationalism and terrorism in the twenty-first century.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Althaus, Scott L. 2002. American news consumption during times of national crisis. PS: Political Science and Politics 35 (3): 517–21.
Amin, Ash. 1994. Post-Fordism: Models,fantasies, and phantoms of transition. In Post-Fordism: A Reader, ed. Amin, Ash. London: Blackwell Publishers.
Axtman, Kris. 2002. “A Boom in Citizenship Requests.” Christian Science Monitor, February 11.
Benjamin, Daniel, and Simon, Steven. 2002. The Age of Sacred Terror. New York: Random House.
Bergen, Peter L. 2001. Holy War, Inc.: Inside the Secret World of Osama bin Laden. New York: Touchstone.
Bergen, Peter L. 2002. “Al Qaeda's New Tactics.” New York Times, November 15.
Bobbitt, Philip. 2002. “Get Ready for the Next Long War.” Time, September 9, 8485.
Brill, Steven. 2002. “Osama's Hidden Tax.” Newsweek, January 14.
Buell, Frederick. 1998. Nationalist post-nationalism: Globalist discourse in contemporary American culture American Quarterly 50: 123. Available at: http://muse.jhu.edu/...ican_quarterly/v050/50.3buell.html. Accessed November 16, 2000.
Bumiller, Elisabeth, and Perlez, Jane. 2001. “Bush and Top Aides Proclaim Policy of ‘Ending’ States That Back Terror; An Arrest Shuts New York Airports.” New York Times, September 14.
Bush, George W. 2001a. President announces “America's Fund for Afghan Children.” October 10: 1. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/10/200111011-8.html. Accessed January 2, 2002.
Bush, George W. 2001b. “Islam is Peace,” says the President. September 17: 1. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/print/200110917-11.html. Accessed February 2, 2002.
Bush, George W. 2001c. Remarks by the President upon arrival: The south lawn. September 16: 13. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/print/200110916-2.html. Accessed November 11, 2002.
Bush, George W. 2001d. Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People. September 20. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/20010911-16.html. Accessed September 23, 2001.
Bush, George W. 2003. President Bush discusses freedom in Iraq and the Middle East. November 6: 18 Available at: http:http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/11/print20031106.html. Accessed February 2, 2004.
Bush, George W. 2005. President Outlines Strategy for Iraq. November 30: 18. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/relesaes/2005/11/print/20051130-2.html. Accessed December 15, 2005.
Bush, George W. 2007. Press conference by the President. May 24: 111. available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2007/05/print/20070524.html. Accessed July 23, 2007.
Butterfield, Fox. 2001. “A Police Force Rebuffs FBI on Querying Middle Eastern Men.” New York Times, November 21.
Carbonara, Peter. 2001. Financing terror. Money Magazine, November.
Carter, Ashton B. 2002. The architecture of government in the face of terrorism. International Security 26 (3): 523.
Chivers, C. J. 2007. “Dutch Soldiers Stress Restraint in Afghanistan.” New York Times, April 6.
Christopherson, Susan. 1994. The fortress city: Privatized spaces, consumer citizenship. In Post-Fordism: A Reader, ed. Amin, Ash. London: Blackwell Publishers.
Cohen, Lizbeth. 2003. A Consumers' Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Cottle, Michelle. 2002. “Prayer Circle.” The New Republic, September 9 & 16, 9.
Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR). 2005. Fox airs “24” disclaimer. February 8.
Crenson, Matthew A., and Ginsberg, Benjamin. 2002. Downsizing Democracy: How America Sidelined Its Citizens and Privatized its Public. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Cronin, Audrey Kurth. 2002. Behind the curve: Globalization and international terrorism. In Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment, ed. Russell, Howard D. and Sawyer, Reid L.. 2d ed.Dubuque, IA: McGraw-Hill.
Destler, I.M. 2001. The reasonable public and the polarized policy process. In The Real and the Ideal: Essays on International Relations in Honor of Richard H. Ullman, ed. Lake, Anthony and Ochmanek, David. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Donnelly, Sally B. 2006. “Lean and Mean.” Time/Inside Business, August.
Elliott, Andrea. 2006. “More Muslims Are Coming to U.S. after a Decline in Wake of 9/11.” New York Times, September 10.
“Excerpts from Bush's Remarks on Retaliation.” 2001b. New York Times, September 18.
Gall, Carlotta. 2006a. “Attacks in Afghanistan Grow More Frequent and Lethal.” New York Times, September 27.
Gall, Carlotta. 2006b. “U.S. Hands Southern Afghan Command to NATO.” New York Times, August 1.
Gibson, James William. 1986. The Perfect War: The War We Couldn't Lose and How We Did. New York: Vintage Books.
Golub, Philip S. 2004. Imperial politics, imperial will, and the crisis of U.S. hegemony. Review of International Political Economy 11 (4): 763–86.
Gordon, Michael R. 2007. “U.S. Command Shortens Life of ‘Long War’ as a Reference.” New York Times, April 24.
Grewal, Inderpal. 2003. Transnational America: Race, gender and citizenship after 9/11. Social Identities 9 (4): 535–61.
Haberman, Clyde. 2001a. “Grisly Uprisings, Famed Hide-Outs, and Altered American Attitudes.” New York Times, November 26.
Haberman, Clyde. 2001b. “Taliban Holdouts, Europe's Reservations, and Shopping's Importance.” New York Times, November 24.
Haberman, Clyde. 2001c. “Pursuit of Terror Funds, Anthrax Victim on Tape, Partisan Sniping.” New York Times, November 8.
Hakim, Danny. 2001. “Ford Motor Workers Get On-The-Job Training in Religious Tolerance.” New York Times, November 19.
Hallin, Daniel C. 1994. Images of the Vietnam and the Persian Gulf wars in U.S. television. In Seeing Through the Media: The Persian Gulf War, ed. Jeffords, Susan and Rabinovitz, Lauren. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Hardt, Michael, and Negri, Antonio. 2004. Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire. New York: Penguin Press.
Harvey, David. 2005. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hitchens, Christopher. 2001. So this is war. In These Times, October 15.
Hosenball, Mark. 2002. “Al Qaeda's New Life.” Newsweek, December 30/January 6.
Hunt, Michael. 1987. Ideology and U.S. Foreign Policy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Iraq Study Group Report. The Way Forward—A New Approach. 2006. New York: Vintage Books.
Ivie, Robert L. 2005. Savagery in democracy's empire. Third World Quarterly 26 (1): 5565.
Johnson, Scott. 2007. “We're Losing the Infowar.” Newsweek, January 15.
Kadlec, Daniel. 2003. “Terrorism Futures: Good Concept, Bad P.R.” Newsweek, August 11.
Kagan, Robert. 2006. “Cowboy Nation: The Myth of American Innocence.” New Republic, October 23.
Kaplan, Jeffrey. 2006. Islamophobia in America? September 11 and islamophobic hate crime. Terrorism and Political Violence 18: 133.
Kean, Thomas H., and Hamilton, Lee H.. 2004. The 9/11 Report. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. New York: St. Martin's.
Kilcullen, David. 2005. Countering global insurgency. Journal of Strategic Studies 28 (4): 597617.
Koppel, Ted. 2006. “These Guns for Hire.” New York Times, May 22.
Maier, Charles S. 2000. Consigning the twentieth century to history: Alternative narratives for the modern era. American Historical Review 105 (3): 807–31.
Mayer, Jeremy. 2003. 9-11: The Giant Awakens. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
McAlister, Melani. 2001. Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
McCartney, Paul T. 2004. American nationalism and U.S. foreign policy from September 11 to the Iraq War. Political Science Quarterly 119 (3): 399423.
McGirk, Tim. 2005. “War In the Shadows.” Time, October 10.
Mead, Walter Russell. 2002. Special Providence: How American Foreign Policy Changed the World. New York: Routledge.
Miller, Judith. 2001. “The 27 Whose Assets Will Be Frozen Are Just the First of Many, a U.S. Official Says.” New York Times, September 25.
Miller, Judith, et al. 2001. “Planning for Terror but Failing to Act.” New York Times, December 30.
Mitchell, Alison. 2001. “After Asking for Volunteers, Government Tries to Determine What They Will Do.” New York Times, November 10.
Monten, Jonathan. 2005. The roots of the Bush Doctrine: Power, nationalism, and democracy promotion in U.S. strategy. International Security 29 (4): 112–56.
The National Security Strategy of the United States. 2002. Available at http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/nssall.html. Accessed October 1, 2002.
Palimisano, Samuel. 2006. The globally integrated enterprise. Foreign Affairs 85 (3): 127–36.
Parenti, Christian. 2006. “Taliban Rising.” Nation, October 30.
Passavant, Paul. 2005. The strong neo-liberal state: Crime, consumption, governance. Theory and Event 8 (3): 143 [Available at http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/theory_and_event/v008/8.3passavant.html] Accessed February 8, 2006.
Program on International Public Attitudes (PIPA). 2003. “Americans on Terrorism: Two Years after 9/11.” September 9.
Ratnesar, Romesh, and Weisskopf, Michael. 2003. “Portrait of a Platoon.” Time, December 29.
Risen, Clay. 2006. “War-Mart: The Danger of Generals as CEOs.” New Republic, April 3.
Robb, John. 2005. “The Open Source War.” New York Times, October 15.
Rogoff, Kenneth. 2004. The cost of living dangerously. Foreign Policy November/December: 7071.
Rothkopf, David J. 2002. Business versus terror. Foreign Policy May/June: 5664.
Rubin, Barnett. 2007. Saving Afghanistan. Foreign Affairs 86 (1): 5778.
Rumsfeld, Donald. 2002. Transforming the military Foreign Affairs 81 (3): 2032.
Sanger, David E. 2007. “With Korea as Model, Bush Team Ponders Long Support Role in Iraq.” New York Times, June 3.
Scahill, Jeremy. 2006. “Mercenary Jackpot.” Nation, August 28/September 4.
Skerry, Peter. 2006. “The American Exception.” Time, August 21.
Slotkin, Richard. 1992. Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth Century America. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.
Smolowe, Jill, Richardson, Shannon, and Harrington, Maureen. 2005. “One Mom's War.” People, August 29.
Spigel, Lynn. 2004. Entertainment wars: Television culture after 9/11. American Quarterly 56 (2): 235–70.
Stephanson, Anders. 1995. Manifest Destiny: American Expansion and the Empire of Right. New York: Hill and Wang.
Stolberg, Shery Gay. 2007. “See You in September, Whatever That Means.” New York Times, May 13.
Suskind, Ron. 2006. “How to Stay One Step Ahead.” Time, August 21.
Thomas, Evan. 2006. “So Now What, Mr. President?” Newsweek, December 11.
Winik, Lyric Wallwork. 2005. “Don't Ask Me to Take Off the Uniform.” Parade Magazine, April 17.
Wizner, Frank, et al. 2003. Afghanistan: Are We Losing the Peace? New York: Council on Foreign Relations.
Wolfberg, Adrian. 2006. Full-spectrum analysis: A new way of thinking for a new world. Military Review July–August: 3542.
“Would You Like to Thank Our Troops?” 2005. Good Housekeeping, July.
Yeoman, Barry. 2003. Soldiers of good fortune. Mother Jones 28: 3846.
Yousafzai, Sami, and Moreau, Ron. 2005. “Unholy Alliance.” Newsweek, September 26: 4042.
Zakaria, Fareed. 2004. “Americans Eat Cheese, Too.” Newsweek, October 11.
Zakaria, Fareed. 2008. The Post-American World. New York: W.W. Norton.

Imagining Terror in an Era of Globalization: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Construction of Terrorism after 9/11

  • Catherine V. Scott (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed