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Research transparency

This journal believes in the importance of transparent and reproducible research.

We encourage authors to follow best practices in reporting their methodology. Reporting guidelines for many study designs, including quantitative and qualitative scholarship across many disciplines, can be found in the EQUATOR Network.

Where possible we encourage authors to make evidence, data, code, and other materials that underpin their findings available to readers. We encourage the use of Data Availability Statements to describe whether the materials that underpin research findings have been made available to readers, and if so, where.

When sharing materials, we recommend using a dedicated repository appropriate to the materials. In particular, repositories that provide permanent identifiers and have robust preservation policies will help to ensure the long-term integrity of published research.

We also encourage authors to cite materials and data they have used in their research, alongside literature citations, to recognise the importance of all kinds of research outputs.

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact the editorial office. 

Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines

The following standards are based on those proposed by the Center for Open Science (COS). For questions on compliance, please contact the editorial office.

Citation Standards: All data, program code and other methods should be appropriately cited. Such materials should be recognized as original intellectual contributions and afforded recognition through citation.

1. All data sets and program code used in a publication should be cited in the text and listed in the reference section.

2. References for data sets and program code should include a persistent identifier, such as a Digital Object Identifier (DOI). Persistent identifiers ensure future access to unique published digital objects, such as a text or data set. Persistent identifiers are assigned to data sets by digital archives, such as institutional repositories and partners in the Data Preservation Alliance for the Social Sciences (Data­PASS).

3. Data set citation example:

a. Campbell, Angus, and Robert L. Kahn. American National Election Study,

i. 1948. ICPSR07218­v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter­university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999.

Data, Analytic Methods (Code), and Research Materials Transparency: The policy of Personality Neuroscience is to publish papers where authors indicate whether the data, methods used in the analysis, and materials used to conduct the research will be made available to any researcher for purposes of reproducing the results or replicating the procedure.

1. Authors must, in acknowledgments or the first footnote, indicate if they will or will not make their data, analytic methods, and study materials available to other researchers.

2. If an author agrees to make materials available, the author must specify where that material will be available. 

Replication: The policy of Personality Neuroscience is to encourage submission of replication studies, particularly of research published in this journal.