Skip to main content Accessibility help

Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale

  • Hakime Aslan (a1), Ümmühan Aktürk (a2) and Behice Erci (a2)



This study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of the “Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale” in Turkish nurses.


This study was a psychometric design. A convenience sample of 249 nurses working at the Malatya Training Research Hospital completed a structured questionnaire including demographic characteristics and the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale (NSCTS) between August and October 2018. Principal components analysis, internal consistency reliability, and Cronbach's α were used to measure the psychometric properties of the items of the scale.


In the evaluation of construct validity, identified one factor with eigenvalues greater than 1 explained 50.83% of the total variance. The Cronbach's α value of the scale is 0.86.

Significance of results

The present study provides evidence of NSCTS's validity, reliability, and acceptability. The scale can be used by Turkish nurses. This scale should be further evaluated with a larger sample in different regions in Turkey and various populations. The scale has potential applications for use both in research and as a screening tool in clinical settings.


Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Hakime Aslan, Department of Nursing, School of Health, Inonu University, Malatya44280, Turkey. E-mail:


Hide All
Ahmad, M and Khan, S (2016) A model of spirituality for ageing Muslims. Journal of Religion and Health 55(3), 830843.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2008) The essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice. Available at:
Baldacchino, D (2006) Nursing competencies for spiritual care. Journal of Clinical Nursing 15(7), 885896.
Büyüköztürk, Ş (2012) Some statistics used in the validity and reliability of tests. In Data Analysis Handbook for Social Sciences (16. Baskı ). Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık, pp. 167171.
Carpenter, K, Girvin, L, Kitner, W, et al. (2008) Spirituality: A dimension of holistic critical care nursing. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing 27(1), 1620.
Cetinkaya, B, Altundağ, S and Azak, A (2007) Spiritual care and nursing [in Turkish]. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 8(1), 4750.
Cook, DA and Beckman, TJ (2006) Current concepts in validity and reliability for psychometric instruments: Theory and application. The American Journal of Medicine 119(2), 166-e7.
Daştan, NB and Buzlu, S (2010) The effects of spirituality in breast cancer patients and spiritual care [in Turkish]. Maltepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Bilim ve Sanatı Dergisi 3(1), 7379.
De Brito Pedrão, R and Beresin, R (2010) O enfermeiro frente à questão da espiritualidade. Rev Einstein 8, 8691.
Delgado, C (2015) Nurses’ spiritual care practices: Becoming less religious? Journal of Christian Nursing 32, 116122.
Demirbag, BC and Ozkan, CG (2018) Interventions by hospital nurses for the spiritual needs of patients in the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 21, 624631.
Draper, P (2012) An integrative review of spiritual assessment: Implications for nursing management. Journal of Nursing Management 20, 970980.
Eğlence, R and Şimşek, N (2014) To determıne the knowledge level about spiritual care and spırıtualıty of nurses [in Turkish]. Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 5, 4853.
Ercan, İ and Kan, İ (2004) Reliability and validity in scales [in Turkish]. Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 30(3), 211216.
Ercan, F, Körpe, G and Demir, S (2017) Spirituality and spiritual care related perceptions of nurses working at the inpatient services of a University Hospital. GMJ 29, 1722.
Erefe, İ (ed.) (2002) The Nature of Data Collection Tools. Research Principles and Methods in Nursing. İstanbul: Odak Ofset.
Ergül, Ş and Temel, AB (2007) Validity and reliability of “spirituality and spiritual care rating scale” Turkish Version [in Turkish]. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksek Okulu Dergisi 23(1), 7587.
Esin, MN (2014) Data collection methods and tools and reliability and validity of data collection tools [in Turkish]. In Nihal Esin, M (ed.), Hemşirelikte araştırma süreç, uygulama ve kritik. Semra Erdoğan, Nursen Nahçıvan ve İstanbul: Nobel, pp. 193232.
Garssen, B, Ebenau, AF, Visser, A, et al. (2017) A critical analysis of scales to measure the attitude of nurses toward spiritual care and the frequency of spiritual nursing care activities. Nursing Inquiry 24(3), e12178.
Gümüs, F, Baran, G and Zengin, L (2014) Spiritual care in nursing [in Turkish]. International Journal of Basic and Clinical Studies (IJBCS) 3(1), 102106.
Kavak, F, Mankan, T, Polat, H, et al. (2014) Nurses comments on the maintenance of spiritual care [in Turkish]. İnönü Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 3(1), 2124.
Kavas, E and Kavas, N (2015) Determination of the spiritual support perception of doctors, midwives and nurses about the need of spiritual care of the parients: Denizli sample. Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic 10(14), 449460.
Khorshid, L and Arslan Gürol, G (2006) Nursing and spiritual care [in Turkish]. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu Dergisi 22(1), 233243.
Koenig, HG, King, DE and Carson, VB (2012) Handbook of Religion and Health, 2nd ed.Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Kostak, MA (2007) The spiritual dimension of nursing care [in Turkish]. Fırat Sağlık Hizmetleri Dergisi 2(6), 105115.
Kostak, MA, Çelikkalp, Ü and Demir, M (2010) The opinions of nurses and midwifes about spirituality and spiritual care [in Turkish]. Maltepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Bilim ve Sanatı Dergisi, Sempozyum Özel Sayısı, 218225.
Mamier, I and Taylor, EJ (2015) Psychometric evaluation of the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale. Western Journal of Nursing Research 37(5), 679694.
Mamier, I, Taylor, EJ and Winslow, BW (2019) Nurse spiritual care: Prevalence and correlates. Western Journal of Nursing Research 41(4), 537554.
McSherry, W and Jamieson, S (2011) An online survey of nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. Journal of Clinical Nursing 20, 17571767.
McSherry, W, Draper, P and Kendrick, D (2002) The construct validity of a rating scale designed to assess spirituality and spiritual care. International Journal of Nursing Studies 39(7), 723734.
Polit, DF and Beck, CT (2004) Nursing Research: Principles and Methods, 7th ed.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Pour, HA, Özvurmaz, S and Kunter, D (2017) Evaluation of perception and practice model of spiritual care in intern nursing and midwifery students. Journal of Contemporary Medicine 7(3), 225233.
Ramezani, M, Ahmadi, F, Mohammadi, E, et al. (2014) Spiritual care in nursing: A concept analysis. International Nursing Review 61(2), 211219.
Şencan, H (2005) Factor Analysis and Validity. Validity and Reliability, 1st ed. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık, pp. 355414.
Sessanna, L, Finnell, DS, Underhill, M, et al. (2011) Measures assessing spirituality as more than religiosity: A methodological review of nursing and health-related literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing 67, 16771694.
Tabachnick, BG and Fidell, LS (2007) Using Multivariate Statistics. 5th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson Education.
Vance, DL (2001) Nurses’ attitudes towards spirituality and patient care. Medsurg Nursing 10(5), 264.
Wong, KF, Lee, LY and Lee, JK (2008) Hong Kong enrolled nurses’ perceptions of spirituality and spiritual care. International Nursing Review 55(3), 333340.
Yılmaz, M and Okyay, N (2009) Nurses’ views on spirituality and spiritual care. Turkish Journal of Research & Development in Nursing 11(3).
Yurdagül, H (2005) Using scope validity indexes for scope validation in scale development studies (Ölçek Geliştirme Çalışmalarında Kapsam Geçerlik İndeksinin Kullanımı) 14. Eğitim Bilimleri Kongresi, Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Denizli. Available at:


Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale

  • Hakime Aslan (a1), Ümmühan Aktürk (a2) and Behice Erci (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.