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The Critically Endangered Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri found in the Salween River Basin, China

  • Yin Yang (a1), Ying-Ping Tian (a2), Chen-Xiang He (a2), Zhipang Huang (a1), Shao-Hua Dong (a1), Bin Wang (a2), Guang-Song Li (a2), Zuo-Fu Xiang (a1), Yong-Cheng Long (a1) and Wen Xiao (a1)...

Abstract

The Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri was discovered in 2010 on the western slopes of the Gaoligong Mountains in the Irrawaddy River basin in Myanmar and subsequently in the same river basin in China, in 2011. Based on 2 years of surveying the remote and little disturbed forest of the Gaoligong Mountains National Nature Reserve in China, with outline transect sampling and infrared camera monitoring, a breeding group comprising > 70 individuals was found on the eastern slopes of the Gaoligong Mountains in the Salween River Basin. Given the Critically Endangered status of this primate (a total of < 950 individuals are estimated to remain in the wild), efforts to protect the relatively undisturbed habitat of this newly discovered population and to prevent hunting are essential for the long-term survival of this species.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail 445936671@qq.com; xiaow@eastern-himalaya.cn

Footnotes

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Also at: School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Also at: Lushui Bureau of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Liuku, Yunnan, P.R. China

Also at: Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, P.R. China

§

Also at: Sino-France Joint Lab for Wildlife Management & Ecosystem Health, Yunnan Finance & Economy University, Kunming, Yunnan, 650221, P.R. China

Footnotes

References

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Chen, Y., Xiang, Z., Wang, X., Xiao, W., Xiao, Z., Ren, B. et al. (2015) Preliminary study of the newly discovered primate species Rhinopithecus strykeri at Pianma, Yunnan, China using infrared camera traps. International Journal of Primatology, 36, 679690.
Geissmann, T., Lwin, N., Aung, S.S., Aung, T.N., Aung, Z.M., Hla, T.H. et al. (2011) A new species of snub nosed monkey, genus Rhinopithecus Milne-Edwards, 1872 (Primates, Colobinae), from northern Kachin State, northeastern Myanmar. American Journal of Primatology, 73, 96107.
IUCN (2016) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species v. 2016.1. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 21 July 2016].
Kirkpatrick, R.C. & Grueter, C.C. (2010) Snub-nosed monkeys: multilevel societies across varied environments. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 19, 98113.
Li, G.S., Chen, Y.X., Sun, W.M., Wang, X.W., Huang, Z.P., Li, Y.P. et al. (2014) Preliminary observation of population status and social organization of Rhinopithecus strykeri in Pianma Town, Nujiang County, China. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 34, 323328. [In Chinese]
Liedigk, R., Yang, M., Jablonski, N.G., Momberg, F., Geissmann, T., Lwin, N. et al. (2012) Evolutionary history of the odd-nosed monkeys and the phylogenetic position of the newly described Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri . PLoS ONE, 7(5), e37418.
Long, Y., Momberg, F., Ma, J., Wang, Y., Luo, Y., Li, H. et al. (2012) Rhinopithecus strykeri found in China! American Journal of Primatology, 74, 871873.
Ma, C., Huang, Z., Zhao, X., Zhang, L., Sun, W., Matthew, S. et al. (2014) Distribution and conservation status of Rhinopithecus strykeri in China. Primates, 55, 377382.
Plumptre, A.J., Sterling, E.J. & Buckland, S.T. (2013) Primate census and survey techniques. In Primate Ecology and Consevation: A Handbook of Techniques (eds Sterling, E.J., Bynum, N. & Blair, M.E.), pp. 1318. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

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