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A Critical Review of the Travel Cost, Hedonic Travel Cost, and Household Production Models for Measurement of Quality Changes in Recreational Experiences

  • Darrell Hueth (a1) and Elizabeth J. Strong (a1)


This paper compares three recreation valuation techniques—the travel cost (TC), the hedonic travel cost (HTC), and the household production (HP) techniques—on the basis of their theoretical underpinnings, econometric and data considerations, and policy considerations. The major focus is on how these techniques can be used to evaluate the benefits to recreationists of changes in the quality of recreation sites. Bockstael and McConnell's (1981) formulation of the HP model for sport fishing is used in the following discussion. Other variants, such as the model used by Smith et al. (1983), are only briefly mentioned.



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Strong, Elizabeth J.Measuring Benefits of Outdoor Recreation Services: An Application of the Household Production Function Approach to the Oregon Steelhead Sport Fisher.” . Oregon State University, Corvallis, 1983.
Ward, Frank A.Some Considerations in the Specification of the Price Variable in Travel Cost Demand Models for Outdoor Recreation.” Unpublished manuscript.


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