The main purpose of this note is to characterize a compact Káhler-Einstein manifold in terms of curvature form. The curvature form Q is an EndT valued differential form of type (1,1) which represents the curvature class of the manifold. We shall prove that the curvature form of a Káhler metric is the harmonic representative of the curvature class if and only if the Káhler metric is an Einstein metric in the generalized sense (g.s.), that is, if the Ricci form of the metric is parallel. It is well known that a Káhler metric is an Einstein metric in the g. s. if and only if it is locally product (globally, if the manifold is simply connected and complete) of Kàhler-Einstein metrics. We obtain an integral formula, involving the integral of the trace of some operators defined by the curvature tensor, which measures the deviation of a Káhler-Einstein metric from a Hermitian symmetric metric. In the final section we shall prove the uniqueness up to equivalence of Kãhler-Einstein metrics in a simply connected compact complex homogeneous space. This result was proved by Berger in the case of a complex projective space and our proof is completely different from Berger’s.