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Some aspects of interrelations between fungi and other biota in forest soil

  • Vladimir KRIVTSOV (a1), Bryan S. GRIFFITHS (a2), Ross SALMOND (a3), Keith LIDDELL (a3), Adam GARSIDE (a2), Tanya BEZGINOVA (a4), Jacqueline A. THOMPSON (a2), Harry J. STAINES (a3), Roy WATLING (a5) and John W. PALFREYMAN (a3)...

Abstract

Interrelations of fungal mycelium with other soil biota are of paramount importance in forestry and soil ecology. Here we present the results of statistical analysis of a comprehensive data set collected in the first (and the only) British fungus sanctuary over a period of four months. The variables studied included a number of soil properties, bacteria, protozoan flagellates, ciliates and amoebae, microbial and plant feeding nematodes, various microarthropods, and two fungal biomarkers – glomalin and ergosterol. One way ANOVA showed that the dynamics of the microbiota studied was influenced by seasonal changes. Superimposed on these changes, however, was variability due to biological interactions and habitat characteristics. Two fungal biomarkers, ergosterol and glomalin, were differently influenced by other biota and abiotic variables. The results indicate that the dynamics of soil fungi is influenced not only by soil microarthropods, but also by those found in forest litter. The overall outcome, therefore, is likely to be very complex and will depend upon specific conditions of any particular ecosystem.

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