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A Unified Model for the Space Charge Limited Currents in Organic Materials Combining Field Dependent Mobility and Poole-Frenkel Detrapping

  • S. C. Jain (a1), W. Geens (a1), V. Kumar (a2), A. Kapoor (a2), A. Mehra (a1), T. Aernouts (a1), J. Poortmans (a1), R. Mertens (a1) and M. Willander (a3)...

Abstract

We have calculated J-V characteristics of an organic conducting sample (containing traps) including the Poole-Frenkel Effect (PFE). Both shallow and exponentially distributed traps are considered. We show that our approach is equivalent to combining the effect of trapping and using the field dependent mobility in one unified model. For shallow single level or shallow Gaussian traps, inclusion of PFE or using the (well-known) field dependent mobility gives the same dependence of current on voltage at a given temperature. However the value of zero field mobility µ0 comes out to be different. We have fabricated and measured the J-V curves of the ITO/MEH-OPV5/Al diodes. An extremely fast rise with voltage V is observed at small voltages, which can be interpreted either by the Schottky contact limited Shockley like current or by bulk space charge limited current with PFE. The correct mechanism can be determined by making J-V measurements at different temperatures.

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