InN nanowires were synthesized and characterized using a variety of techniques. A two-zone chemical vapor deposition technique was employed to operate the vapor generation and the nanowire growth at differential temperatures, leading to high-quality products and growth rates as high as 4–10 μm/hour. The as-grown nanowires showed highly single-crystalline structures and precisely controlled diameters by using monodispersed gold clusters as the catalyst. Devices consisting of single nanowires have been fabricated to explore their electronic transport properties. The temperature dependence of the conductance revealed thermal emission as the dominating transport mechanism.