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Structural Dynamics of Polycrystals under Shock Compression Observed via Nanosecond Time-resolved X-ray Diffraction

  • Kazutaka G. Nakamura (a1), Jianbo Hu (a1), Kouhei Ichiyanagi (a2), Nobuaki Kawai (a3) and Shin-ichi Adachi (a4)...

Abstract

Dynamics of structural phase transition in polycrystalline samples (tetragonal stabilized zirconia and bismuth) under laser-shock compression has been studied using nanosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction technique based on synchrotron radiation. Tetragonal zirconia shows the structural phase transition to the monoclinic phase within 20 ns during shock compression without any intermediate and reverts back to the tetragonal phase during pressure release. Bismuth shows more complex phase transition dynamics. The Bi-I phase, which is the stable phase at ambient pressure and temperature, transfers to Bi-V phase within 4 ns under shock compression and gradually reverts back following the path of Bi-V →Bi-III → Bi-II → Bi-I within 30 ns during pressure release.

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Keywords

Structural Dynamics of Polycrystals under Shock Compression Observed via Nanosecond Time-resolved X-ray Diffraction

  • Kazutaka G. Nakamura (a1), Jianbo Hu (a1), Kouhei Ichiyanagi (a2), Nobuaki Kawai (a3) and Shin-ichi Adachi (a4)...

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