Skip to main content Accessibility help

Spherical Aberration Corrected Z-STEM Characterization of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS Nanocrystals

  • James McBride (a1), Tadd C. Kippeny (a1), Stephen J. Pennycook (a2) and Sandra J. Rosenthal (a1)


Spherical aberration corrected Atomic Number Contrast Scanning Electron Microscopy (Z-STEM) has recently demonstrated an amazing ability to not only obtain sub-angstrom levels of detail but also yield chemical information at that level as well. With an optimal probe size of 0.8 Å, extremely detailed images of CdSe nanocrystals were obtained showing the lattice structure and surface morphology. As an example of the usefulness of this technique, a sample of CdSe nanocrystals prepared using trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) as the surfactant was compared to a sample of CdSe prepared using a mixture of TOPO and hexadecylamine (HDA) as the surfactant. The TOPO/HDA nanocrystals exhibit a narrower size distribution and several orders of magnitude greater fluorescence compared to that of the TOPO only nanocrystals. Interestingly, the Z-STEM images show a striking difference in nanocrystal morphology as the result of the addition of HDA to the reaction mixture. This result suggests surface morphology can be tuned through judicious choice of surfactant. A second example of Z- STEM imaging involves the characterization of CdSe/ZnS core/shell nanocrystals. The mass contrast afforded by Z-STEM can easily distinguish between core and shell.



Hide All
1. Swofford, L. A.; Rosenthal, S.J. Molecular and Nanomaterial-Based Photovoltaics, in Molecular Nanoelectronics, Reed, E. M. A. and Lee, T., Editor. 2003, American Scientific Publishers.
2. Greenham, N.C.; Peng, X; Alivisatos, A. P. Phys. Rev. B, 1996. 54,: p. 17628.
3. Erwin, M. M.; Kadavanich, A. V.; McBride, J.; Kippeny, T.; Pennycook, S.; Rosenthal, S. J.; Eur. J. Phys. D, 2001. 16: p. 275277.
4. Henglein, A., Pure Appl. Chem., 1984. 56: p. 1215.
5. Henglein, A., Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 1997. 101: p. 1562.
6. Nanda, J.; Sapra, S.; Sarma, D.; Chandrasekharan, N.; Hodes, G.; Chem. of Mater., 2000. 12: p. 1018.
7. Kho, R.; Nguyen, L; Torres-Martinez, C. L.; Mehra, R. K.; Biophys. Res. Commun., 2000. 272: p. 29.
8. Dubertret, B.; Skourides, P.; Norris, D. J.; Noireaux, V.; Brivanlou, A. H.; Libchaber, A. Science, 2002. 298: p. 1759.
9. Gerion, D.; Parak, W. J.; Williams, S. C.; Zanchet, D.; Micheel, C. M.; Alivisatos, A.P. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002. 124: p. 7070.
10. Tomlinson, I. D.; McBride, J.; Blakely, R. D.; Rosenthal, S. J.; Biotechnology, in press.
11. Rosenthal, S. J.; Tomlinson, I. D.; Adkins, E. M.; Schroeter, S.; Adams, S.; Swafford, L. A.; McBride, J.; Wang, Y.; DeFelice, L. J.; Blakely, R. D.; J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002(124): p. 4586.
12. Wu, X.; Liu, H.; Lui, J.; Haley, K. N.; Treadway, J.A.; Larson, P. J.; Ge, N.; Peale, F.; Bruchez, M. P.; Nature Biotechnology, 2003. 21: p. 41.
13. Klein, D. L.; Roth, R.; Lim, A. K.; Alivisatos, A. P.; McEuen, P. L. Nature, 1997. 389: p. 669.
14. Gao, M. Y.; Lesser, C.; Kirstein, S.; Mohwald, H.; Rogach, A. L.; Weller, H. J. Appl. Phys., 2000. 87: p. 2297.
15. Konenkamp, R.; Hoyer, P.; Wahi, A. J. Appl. Phys., 1996. 79: p. 7029.
16. Vlasov, Y. A.; Yao, N.; Norris, D. J. Adv. Mater., 1999. 11: p. 165.
17. Wange, X., Qu, L.; Zhang, J.; Peng, X.; Xiao, M. Nano Letters, 2003. 3(8): p. 1103.
18. Myung, N.; Bae, Y.; Bard, A.J. Nano Lett., 2003. 3(6): p. 747.
19. Manna, L.; Scher, E. C.; Li, L.; Alivisatos, A. P. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002. 124(24): p. 7136.
20. Donega, C. M.; Hickley, S.G.; Wuister, S. F.; Vanmaekelbergh, D.; Meijerink, A. J. Phys. Chem. B, 2003. 107: p. 489.
21. Landes, C.; Burda, C.; Braun, M.; El-Sayed, M. A. J. Phys. Chem. B, 2001. 105: p. 2981.
22. Kadavanich, A.K.A.M., Tolbert, S. H.; Peng, X.; Schlamp, M. C.; Lee, J. C.; Alivisatos, A. P.; Adv. Microcryst. Nanocryst. Semicond. 1996, Symp. 1996.
23. Shiang, J.; Kadavanich, A.V.; Grubbs, R. K.; Alivisatos, A. P.; J. Phys. Chem., 1995. 99: p. 17417.
24. Peng, X. G.; Wickham, J.; Alivisatos, A. P. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998. 120: p. 5343.
25. Talapin, D. V.; Rogach, A. L.; Kronowski, A.; Haase, M.; Weller, H. Nano Lett., 2001. 1(4): p. 207.
26. Peng, Z. A.; Peng, X. P. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2001. 123: p. 1389.
27. Reis, P.; Bleuse, J.; Pron, A.; Nano Lett., 2002. 2: p. 781.
28. Reis, P.; Caryon, S.; Bleuse, J., Pron, A.; Synth. Met., 2003. 139: p. 649.
29. Hines, M.; P. G., , J. Phys. Chem., 1996. 100.
30. Dabbousi, B.; Rodriguez-Viejo, J.; Mikulec, F.; Heine, J.; Matoussi, H.; Ober, R.; Jensen, K.; Bawendi, M.; J. Phys. Chem. B., 1997. 101: p. 9463.
31. Mattoussi, H.; Mauro, J. M.; Goldman, E. R.; Anderson, G. P.; Sundar, V.C.; Mikulec, F. V.; Bawendi, M. G. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2000. 122(49): p. 12142.
32. Taylor, J.; Kippeny, T.; Rosenthal, S. J. J. Clust. Sci., 2001. 12(4): p. 571.

Spherical Aberration Corrected Z-STEM Characterization of CdSe and CdSe/ZnS Nanocrystals

  • James McBride (a1), Tadd C. Kippeny (a1), Stephen J. Pennycook (a2) and Sandra J. Rosenthal (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed