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Role of Constituent Configuration on Shock-Induced Reactions in a Ni+Al Powder Mixture

  • Daniel Eakins (a1) and Naresh Thadhani (a2)


Ultra-fast reactions initiated within or immediately behind the shock front in powder mixtures are of importance in the synthesis of high-pressure phases and next-generation energetic materials. Reactions in nickel and aluminum powder mixtures and the establishment of a reaction threshold have been the source of many studies over the last 20 years. Prior work has suggested that the criterion for reaction is most probably mechanochemical in nature, in which shock loading environment plays a larger role than absolute shock energy input. The mechanisms responsible for intimate mixing of fresh reactants are however still unclear. In this work we are investigating the role of particle size and morphology on the loading, mixing, and their subsequent shock-induced reaction behavior, by performing shock-compressibility experiments on equi-volumetric mixtures of nickel and aluminum powders, with variations in nickel particle size (micron and nano-scale) and shape (spherical and flake). Determination of shock states is accomplished through time-resolved in situ PVDF gauge measurements of input shock stress and shock propagation speed obtained from transit time through the thickness of powder mixture. The reaction product shock-compressibility state is also being calculated based on constant pressure approximations to allow correlation with measured states for inference of the occurrence of shock-induced chemical reactions. The results of this study suggest that powder configuration in the nickel-aluminum system can be modified to encourage or discourage reaction.



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Role of Constituent Configuration on Shock-Induced Reactions in a Ni+Al Powder Mixture

  • Daniel Eakins (a1) and Naresh Thadhani (a2)


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