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Polyfluorenes as Organic Semiconductors for Polymeric Field Effect Transistors

  • David J. Brennan (a1), Paul H. Townsend (a1), Dean M. Welsh (a1), Mitchell G. Dibbs (a1), Jeff M. Shaw (a1), Jessica L. Miklovich (a1) and Robyn B. Boeke (a1)...


Polyfluorenes are a class of polyaromatic macromolecules that are characterized by an alternating backbone structure that consists of a 9,9-dialkylfluorene unit in combination with another aromatic group. The nature of this aromatic unit plays a key role in the electronic properties of the polymers. For example, polyfluorenes which combine chromophoric and charge transporting aromatic units have received a great deal of attention over the last several years as the emissive layer in polymeric light emitting diodes [LUMATION* Light-Emitting Polymers (LEPs)]. More recently, polyfluorenes have also been designed to perform as the organic semiconducting layer in polymeric field effect transistors (PFETs). This effort has led to a class of polymeric semiconductors with an excellent combination of charge mobility, environmental stability, and processability. One such polymer is the polyfluorene based on an alternating backbone of 9,9-dioctylfluorene and 2,2'-bithiophene units. This material has been shown to have charge mobilities as high as 0.02 cm2/V-s with current on/off ratios of up to 106. The poly(fluorene-bithiophene) is more resistant to doping by atmospheric oxygen than other polymeric semiconductors such as poly(3-hexylthiophene). Inks based on solutions of poly(fluorene-bithiophene) in xylene, mesitylene, and other solvents have also been prepared. The paper will focus on the recent advances in the synthesis, fabrication, and electrical characterization of poly(fluorene-bithiophene). *Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company



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