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Plasma-Assisted MBE of GaN and AlGaN on 6H SiC(0001)

  • S. Sinharoy (a1), A. K. Agarwal (a1), G. Augustine (a1), L. B. Rowland (a1), R. L. Messham (a1), M. C. Driver (a1) and R. H. Hopkins (a1)...

Abstract

The growth of undoped and doped GaN and AlGaN films on off-axis 6H SiC substrates was investigated using plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Smooth and crack-free GaN and AlGaN films were obtained; the best results occurred at the highest growth temperature studied (800°C) and with a 40 to 50 nm A1N buffer layer grown at the same temperature. Carrier concentrations of up to n = 4 × 1020 cm−3 were accomplished with silicon, with a 40 to 50% activation rate as determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). Unintentionally doped AlxGa,.xN (x≈0.1) was n-type with a carrier concentration of 7 × 1018 cm−3. N-type AlGaN (x≈0.1)/p-type 6H SiC (0001) heterostructures showed excellent junction characteristics with leakage currents of less than 0.1 nA at 5 V reverse bias at room temperature and 0.5 nA at 200°C operating temperature.

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