Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Phase Transitions Induced By Femtosecond Pulses

  • E. N. Glezer (a1), L. Huang (a1), Y. Siegal (a1), J. P. Callan (a1) and E. Mazur (a1)...

Abstract

Optical studies of semiconductors under intense femtosecond laser pulse excitation suggest that an ultrafast phase transition takes places before the electronic system has time to thermally equilibrate with the lattice. The excitation of a critical density of valence band electrons destabilizes the covalent bonding in the crystal, resulting in a structural phase transition. The deformation of the lattice leads to a decrease in the average bonding-antibonding splitting and a collapse of the band-gap. Direct optical measurements of the dielectric constant and second-order nonlinear susceptibility are used to determine the time evolution of the phase transition.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1 Shank, C. V., Yen, R., and Hirlimann, C., Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 454 (1983).
2 Downer, M. C., Fork, R. L., and Shank, C. V., J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 595 (1985).
3 Tom, H. W. K., Aumiller, G. D., and Brito-Cruz, C. H., Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1438 (1988).
4 Schröder, T., Rudolph, W., Govorkov, S. V., and Shumai, I. L., Appl. Phys. A 51, 1438 (1990).
5 Govorkov, S. V., Shumay, I. L., Rudolph, W., and Schroeder, T., Opt. Lett. 16, 1013 (1991).
6 Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Schulz, H., Bialkowski, J., and von der Linde, D., Appl Phys A 53, 227(1991).
7 Saeta, P. N., Wang, J., Siegal, Y., Bloembergen, N., and Mazur, E., Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1023 (1991).
8 Siegal, Y., Glezer, E. N., and Mazur, E., Phys. Rev. B 49, 16 (1994).
9 Siegal, Y., Glezer, E. N., Huang, L., and Mazur, E., in Ultrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors, edited by Ferry, D. K. and van Driel, H. M. (SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 1994).
10 Siegal, Y., Glezer, E. N., and Mazur, E., in Femtosecond Chemistry, edited by Manz, J. and Wöste, L. (Verlag Chemie, Berlin, 1994).
11 Glezer, E. N., Siegal, Y., Huang, L., and Mazur, E., Phys. Rev. B 51, 6959 (1995).
12 Kurz, H., and Bloembergen, N., in Energy Beam-Solid Interactions and Transient Thermal Processing, edited by Biegelsen, D. K., Rozgonyi, G. A. and Shank, C. V. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1985).
13 Choo, H. R., Hu, X. F., and Downer, M. C., Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1507 (1993).
14 Wang, X. Y., and Downer, M. C., Opt. Lett. 17, 1450 (1992).
15 Downer, M. C., Ahn, Reitze, and Wang, X. Y., Int. J. Thermophysics 14, 361 (1993).
16 Ahn, , Wang, X. Y., and Downer, M. C., in Short Wavelength V: Physics with Intense Laser Pulses, edited by Perry, M. D. and Corkum, P. B. 1993).
17 Shank, C. V., Yen, R., and Hirlimann, C., Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 900 (1983).
18 Liu, J. M., Malvezzi, A. M., and Bloembergen, N., in Energy Beam-Solid Interactions and Transient Thermal Processing, edited by Biegelsen, D. K., Rozgonyi, G. A. and Shank, C. V. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1985).
19 Akhmanov, S. A., Emel'yanov, V. I., Koroteev, N. I., and Seminogov, V. N., Sov Phys Usp 28, 1084 (1985).
20 Shen, Y. R., The Principles of Nonlinear Optics; (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).
21 Cohen, M. L., and Chelikowsky, J. R., Electronic Structure and Optical Properties of Semiconductors; (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
22 Harrison, W. A., Electronic Structure and the Properties of Solids: The Physics of the Chemical Bond; (Dover, New York, 1989).
23 Philipp, H. R., and Ehrenreich, H., Phys. Rev. 129, 1550 (1963).
24 Palik, E. D., in Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, edited by Palik, E. D. (Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1985).
25 Aspnes, D. E., Schwartz, G. P., Gualtieri, G. J., Studna, A. A., and Schwartz, B., J. Electrochem. Soc. 128, 590 (1981).
26 Jackson, J. D., Classical Electrodynamics; (Wiley, New York, 1975).
27 Malvezzi, A. M., Kurz, H., and Bloembergen, N., in Energy Beam-Solid Interactions and Transient Thermal Processing, edited by Biegelsen, D. K., Rozgonyi, G. A. and Shank, C. V. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1985).
28 Saeta, P. N., Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University, 1991.
29 Othonos, A., van Driel, H. M., Young, J. F., and Kelly, P. I., Solid-State Electron. 32, 1573 (1989).
30 Fauchet, P. M., and Li, K. D., J. Non-Crystalline Solids 97‘98, 1267(1987).
31 van Driel, H. M., Phys Rev B 35, 8166 (1987).
32 Othonos, A., van Driel, H. M., Young, J. F., and Kelly, P. J., Phys. Rev. B 43, 6682 (1991).
33 Wang, J. K., Siegal, Y., , C. Z., and Mazur, E., Opt. Comm. 91, 77 (1992).
34 Siegal, Y., Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University, 1994.
35 Note that if the oscillator strength and the spectral width of an absorption peak are held fixed, then the height of the absorption peak increases as its resonant frequency decreases.
36 Greenaway, D. L., and Harbeke, G., Optical Properties and Band Structure of Semiconductors; (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1968).
37 Potter, R. F., in Optical Properties of Solids, edited by Nudelman, S. and Mitra, S. S. (Plenum Press, New York, 1969).
38 Reitze, D. H., Ahn, H., and Downer, M. C., Phys. Rev. B 45, 2677 (1992).
39 Glezer, E. N., Siegal, Y., Huang, L., and Mazur, E., Phys. Rev. B 51, 9589 (1995).
40 Kim, D. H., Ehrenreich, H., and Runge, E., Solid State Commun. 89, 119 (1994).
41 Van Vechten, J. A., Tsu, R., and Saris, F. W., Phys. Lett. 74A, 422 (1979).
42 Biswas, R., and Ambegoakar, V., Phys. Rev. B 26, 1980 (1982).
43 Stampfli, P., and Bennemann, K. H., Phys. Rev. B 42, 7163 (1990).
44 Stampfli, P., and Bennemann, K. H., J. Phys. Condens. Matter 5, supplement, A173 (1993).
45 Froyen, S., and Cohen, M. L., Phys. Rev. B 28, 3258 (1983).
46 Jellison, G. E., and Modine, F. A., Phys. Rev. B 27, 7466 (1983).
47 Walter, J. P., Zucca, R. R. L., Cohen, M. L., and Shen, Y. R., Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 102 (1970).
48 Akhmanov, S. A., Galyautdinov, M. F., Koroteev, N. I., Paityan, G. A., Khaibullin, I. B., Shtyrkov, E. I., and Shumai, I. L., Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 49, 86 (1985).
49 Spaepen, F., in Ultrafast Phenomena V, edited by Fleming, G. R. and Siegman, A. E. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed