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Optical Limiting in Fullerene Materials

  • B. Z. Tang (a1), H. Peng (a1), S. M. Leung (a1), N.-T. Yu (a1), H. Hiraoka (a1) and W. Fok (a1)...


Fullerene chemistry is booming, but how the chemical reactions affect fullerene's materials properties has seldom been studied. We have investigated optical limiting behavior of a series of fullerene derivatives, polymers, and glasses and have observed the following structure-property relationships for optical limiting in the fullerene materials: (i) The fullerene polymers with aromatic and chlorine moieties, i.e., C60-containing polycarbonate (C60-PC), polystyrene (C60- PS), and poly(vinyl chloride) (C60-PVC), limit the 8-ns pulses of 532-nm laser light more effectively than does the parent C60; (ii) the fullerene polymers with carbonyl groups, i.e., C60- containing CR-39 (C60-CR-39) and poly(methyl methacrylate), (C60-PMMA), do not enhance C60's limiting power; and (iii) the aminated fullerene derivatives, i.e., HxC60 (NHR)x [R = -(CH2CH2O)2H (1), x = 11; -(CH2)6OH (2), x = 7; -cyclo-C6H11 (3), x = 11; -(CH2)3Si(OC2H5)3 (4), x = 4], and their sol-gel glasses, i.e., 1–3/SiO2 (physical blending) and 4-SiO2 (chemical bonding), show complex limiting responses, with 4(-SiO2) performing consistently better than 1-3(/SiO2). The fullerene glasses are optically stable and their optical limiting properties remainunchanged after being subjected to continuous attack by the strong laser pulses for ca. 1 h.



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Optical Limiting in Fullerene Materials

  • B. Z. Tang (a1), H. Peng (a1), S. M. Leung (a1), N.-T. Yu (a1), H. Hiraoka (a1) and W. Fok (a1)...


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