Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

On the Nature of Heterogeneity in Vacuum Deposited Polyaniline Films

  • V. F. Ivanov (a1), A. A. Nekrasov (a1), K. V. Cheberyako (a1), O. L. Gribkova (a1) and A. V. Vannikov (a1)...

Abstract

Heterogeneity of polyaniline and other conductive polymers in intermediate oxidation states is fundamental problem of physics and chemistry of these ones. Usually only advanced methods may be used for immediate detection of the heterogeneity in the molecular scale range. For the first time we have observed the process of the heterogeneous net-like structure formation in macroscopic scale under the oxidation of the evaporated polyaniline films by aqueous HNO3. and other oxidative agents. Formation of heterogeneous structure is explained in terms of nonequilibrium thermodynamic and chemical kinetics.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Lux, F., Hinrichsen, G. Roth, H.-K., Krinichnyi, V.I., Macromol. Chem. Macromol. Symp. 72, p. 143 (1993).
2. Lux, F., Hinrichsen, G., Krinichyi, V.I., Nazarova, I.B., Cheremisov, S.D., Pohl, M.-M., Synth. Met. 53, p. 347 (1993).
3. Lapkowski, M., Genies, E.M., J. Electroanal. Chem. 279, p. 157 (1990).
4. Long, S.M., Cromack, K.R., Epstein, A.J., Sun, Y., MacDiarmid, A.G., Synth. Met. 55, p. 648 (1993).
5. Kahol, P.K., McCormic, B.J., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 3, p. 7963 (1991).
6. Javadi, H.H.S., Cromack, K.R., MacDiarmid, A.G., Epstein, A.J., Phys. Rev. B. 39, p. 3579 (1989).
7. Epstein, A.J., Ginder, J.M., Zuo, F., Woo, H.S., Tanner, D., Richter, A.F., Angelopoulos, M., Huang, W.S., MacDiarmid, A.G., Synth. Met. 21, p. 63 (1987).
8. Wang, Z., Ray, A., MacDiarmid, A.G., Epstein, A.J., Phys. Rev. B. 43, p. 4373 (1991).
9. Kohlman, R.S., Joo, J., Wang, Y.Z., Pouget, J.P., Kaneko, H., Ishiguro, T., Epstein, A.J., Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, p. 773, (1995).
10. Bonnell, D.A., Angelopoulos, M., Synth. Met. 33, p. 301 (1989).
11. Vela, M. E., Andreasen, G., Salvarezza, R.C., Arvia, A. J., J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 92, p. 4093 (1996).
12. Aoki, K., Teragashi, Y., Abstracts of the Joint International Meeting of the Electrochemical Society and International Society of Electrochemistry, August 31 - September 5, 1997, Paris, France, p. 1447 (1997).
13. Angelopoulos, A., Asturias, G.E., Ermer, S.P., Ray, A., Scherr, E.M., MacDiarmid, A.G., Akhtar, M., Kiss, Z., and Epstein, A.J., Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 160, p. 151 (1988).
14. Uvdal, K., Lögdlund, M., Dannetun, P., Bertilsson, L., Stafström, S., Salaneck, W.R, MacDiarmid, A.G., Ray, A., Scherr, E.M., Hjertberg, T., and Epstein, A.J., Synth. Met. 29, p. E451 (1989).
15. Ivanov, V.F., Gribkova, O.L., Nekrasov, A.A., Vannikov, A.V., J. Electroanal. Chem. 372, p.57 (1994).
16. Nekrasov, A.A., Ivanov, V.F., Gribkova, O.L., Vannikov, A.V., Synth. Met. 65, p.71 (1994).
17. Ivanov, V.F., Nekrasov, A.A., Gribkova, O.L., Vannikov, A.V., Electrochim. Acta, 41, p.1811 (1996).
18. Ivanov, V.F., Nekrasov, A.A., Gribkova, O.L., Vannikov, A.V., Synth. Met. 83, p. 249 (1997).
19. Nekrasov, A.A., Ivanov, V.F., Gribkova, O.L., Vannikov, A.V., Electrochim. Acta 44, p. 2317 (1999).
20. Cornelison, D.M., Dillingham, T.R., Bullock, E., Benally, N.T., Townsend, S.W., Surf. Sci. 343, p. 87 (1995).
21. Plank, R.V., DiNardo, N.J., Vohs, J.M., Synth Met. 89, p. 1 (1997).
22. Ivanov, V.F., Gontar', I.V., Nekrasov, A.A., Gribkova, O.L., Vannikov, A.V., Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 71, p. 125 (1997).
23. Stilwell, D.E. and Park, S.-M., J. Electrochem. Soc. 136 p. 427 (1989).
24. Min, Y., Xia, Y., MacDiarmid, A.G., and Epstein, A.J., Internat. Conf. Sci. Tech. Synth. Met., July 24–29, 1994, Seoul, Korea. Abstracts. p. 287 (1994).
25. Ivanov, V.F., Gribkova, O.L., Nekrasov, A.A., and Vannikov, A.V., Mendeleev Commn. p. 4 (1998).
26. Menon, R., Yoon, C.O., Moses, D., Heeger, A.J., Handbook of Conducting Polymers, Second Edition, edited by Scotheim, T.A., Elsenbaumer, R.L., Reynolds, J.R., Marcel Dekker, New York, 1998, p.2784.
27. Field, R.J., Oscillations and Traveling Waves in Chemical Systems, edited by Field, R.J., and Buger, M., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1985, pp. 75116.

On the Nature of Heterogeneity in Vacuum Deposited Polyaniline Films

  • V. F. Ivanov (a1), A. A. Nekrasov (a1), K. V. Cheberyako (a1), O. L. Gribkova (a1) and A. V. Vannikov (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed