Skip to main content Accessibility help

Nondestructive Evaluation of the Mineralogy of Rock Temper in Ceramics Using X-Radiography

  • Christopher Carr (a1) and Jean-Christophe Komorowski (a2)


Industrial and medical x-radiography can be used in a new manner analogous to back-scattered electron microscopy to identify the approximate mineralogy of rock temper particles in ceramics, but without their destruction by thin-sectioning and at very low cost. Mineralogical traits similar to those applied in petrography to identify mineralogy are visible in a magnified radiograph. They include particle radiographic grey level contrast, which varies with specific density and mineralogy; morphology; cleavage; and internal texture. Blind tests that evaluate the specificity and accuracy of the method are presented.



Hide All
1. Bishop, R.L., Rands, R.L., and Holley, G.R.. Adv. Archaeological Method and Theory 5, 275 (330).
2. Braun, D.L., in Archaeological Hammers and Theories, edited by Moore, J. and Keene, A.S. (Academic Press, New York, 1983), pp. 107134.
3. Freestone, I., Johns, C., and Potter, T. (editors), Current Research in Ceramics: Thin Section Studies (Brit. Mus. Occ. Paper 32, London, 1982).
4. Shepard, A.O., Ceramics for the Archaeoloeist (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C., 1956).
5. Stoltman, J.B., Am. Antiq. 54, 147 (160).
6. Williams, D.F., in Petrology of Archaeological Artefacts, edited by Kempe, D.R.C. and Harvey, A.P. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1983), pp. 301329.
7. Abbott, D.R., presented at the 1990 MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA (unpublished).
8. Carr, C. and Riddick, E.B. Jr., J. Arch. Sci. 17, 35 (66).
9. Hall, M.G. and Lloyd, G.E., Am. Mineralogist 66, 362 (368).
10. Pye, K. and Krinsley, D.H., J. Sediment. Petrol. 54, 877 (888).


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed