Advancements in nanotechnology for material processing have spurred the development of superalloys that provide improved protection against corrosion and wear. Nano-scale reactant particles offer unique thermal properties and increased homogeneity that may improve the microstructural features and macroscopic properties of the final product. In this study up to 10-wt% nano-scale molybdenum tri-oxide (MoO3) particles were added to micron scale nickel (Ni) and aluminum (Al). The goal was to produce a superalloy by generating excessively high heating rates and adding an oxidizer that would produce small quantities of Al2O3 (a strengthening agent) within the microstructure of the alloy. Experiments were performed on pellets pressed to 60% theoretical maximum density. Ignition and flame propagation were examined using a CO2 laser and imaging diagnostics that include a copper-vapor laser coupled with a high-speed camera. Product microstructure was examined using scanning electron microscopy. Abrasion testing was performed to evaluate the wear resistance properties of the superalloy. Results show that adding MoO3 increases the flame temperature and produces greater ignition sensitivity. Also, small quantities of MoO3 produce a more homogeneous microstructure and increase the overall wear resistance of the product.