The unusual constitutive behavior of NiTi alloys that display shape memory and transformational superelasticity may impart useful tribological properties. This paper presents some preliminary results on nanoindentation and pin-on-disk wear experiments that suggest potential tri-bological applications of NiTi alloys. It is shown that high levels of spring-back reversibility together with high hardness, as measured by nanoindentation experiments, correlate with improved wear resistance in bulk Nitinol alloys. Amorphous thin films of equiatomic NiTi, which are readily produced by physical vapor deposition, were found to be especially hard and wear resistant. Finally, stress induced B2-B19' transformation is shown to occur during wear-loading of martensitic NiTi, indicating that wear processes are capable of inducing superelastic effects in B2 NiTi alloys.