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Microstructural Refinement in Steels by Machining

  • S. Swaminathan (a1), C. Swanson (a1), T. L. Brown (a1), R. F. Kezar (a1), S. Chandrasekar (a1), W. D. Compton (a1) and K. P. Trumble (a1)...

Abstract

A study has been made of microstructure and hardness of machining chips created from commercially pure iron and carbon steels. Large shear strains imposed during chip formation in machining are found to produce significant microstructure refinement in the chips, resulting in higher hardness compared to the bulk. Transmission electron and scanning electron microscopy have shown the chips to consist entirely of ultra-fine grain structures with ferrite grain sizes in the range of 100-800 nm. With high carbon steels, the microstructure of the bulk material prior to machining is also seen to have a significant influence on the characteristics of the chip.

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Microstructural Refinement in Steels by Machining

  • S. Swaminathan (a1), C. Swanson (a1), T. L. Brown (a1), R. F. Kezar (a1), S. Chandrasekar (a1), W. D. Compton (a1) and K. P. Trumble (a1)...

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