Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Microhydraulic Actuation Using Biological Ion Transporters Reconstituted on Artificial BLM

  • Vishnu Baba Sundaresan (a1) and Donald J Leo (a2)

Abstract

Plants and animals have the natural ability to exhibit force through controlled pressurization of cellular compartments. The mechanism through which force is generated is powered by biological fuels. The process involves moving ions against an established concentration gradient expending free energy from bio-fuels like Adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP), kinesin etc., Materials exhibiting deformation using biological processes are called Nastic materials. The functional component in mass transfer across the cell boundary is the ion transporter embedded in cell membranes. The ion transporters which are complex protein molecules, move ions and water molecules for an applied chemical or electrical stimulus. The bio-inspired microhydraulic actuator uses the same functional component in plant cells reconstituted on a planar bilayer lipid membrane (BLM) formed from purified lipids. The protein transporters pump ions and fluid into an enclosed cavity to cause deformation. The controlled fluid transport through AtSUT4(proton-sucrose co-transporter extracted from Arabidopsis thaliana) reconstituted on a 1-Palmitoyl-2-Oleoyl-sn-Glycero-3-[Phospho-L-Serine] (Sodium Salt) (POPS), 1-Palmitoyl-2-Oleoyl-sn-Glycero- 3-Phosphoethanolamine (POPE) BLM on porous lead silicate glass plate driven by a proton gradient demonstrated the ability to move fluid across the membrane. This article discusses a prototype microhydraulic actuator that increases in thickness for an applied pH and sucrose concentration gradient.

Copyright

References

Hide All
[1] Burkle, L., Hibberd, J. M., Quick, W. P., Kühn, C., Hirner, B., and Frommer, W. B. (1998). The H+-Sucrose Cotransporter AtSUT1 Is Essential for Sugar Export from Tobacco Leaves. Plant Physiology, 118(1):5968.
[2] Delrot, S., Atanassova, R., Gomes, E., and Thevenot, P. (2001). Plasma Membrane Transporters: A Machinery for Uptake of Organic Solutes and Stress Resistance. Plant Science, 161:391404.
[3] Hearn, E. (1997). Mechanics of Materials II, Chapter 7. Butterworth-Heinemann, Burlington, MA, USA.
[4] Kornbluh, R., Pelrine, R., Pei, Q., and Shastri, S. (2001). Electroactive Polymer Actuators as Artificial Muscles. SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, USA.
[5] Kuhn, C., Barker, L., Burkle, L., and Frommer, W. (1999). Update On Sucrose Transport In Higher Plants. Journal of Experimental Botany, 50:935953.
[6] Smith, R. C. (2005). Smart Material Systems - Model Development. SIAM, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
[7] Sundaresan, V. B. and Leo, D. J. (2001). Chemo-mechanical Model of Biological Membranes For Actuation Mechanisms. In Proceedings of SPIE-2005, Bellingham, WA, USA. SPIE Press.
[8] Sundaresan, V. B. and Leo, D. J. (2005). Experimental investigation for chemo-mechanical actuation using biological transport mechanisms. In Proceedings of IMECE-2005, Orlando, FL, USA. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME.
[9] Sundaresan, V. B. and Leo, D. J. (2006). Protein-based Microhydraulic Transport for Controllable Actuation. In Proceedings of SPIE-2006, Bellingham, WA, USA. SPIE Press.
[10] Sundaresan, V. B., Tan, H., Leo, D. J., and Cuppoletti, J. (2004). Investigation on high energy density materials utilizing biological transport mechanisms. In Proceedings of IMECE-2004, Anaheim, CA, USA.
[11] Weise, A., Barker, L., Kuhn, C., Lalonde, S., Buschmann, H., Frommer, W. B., and Ward, J. M. (2000). A new subfamily of sucrose transporters, sut4, with low affinity/high capacity localized in enucleate sieve elements of plants. 12:13451355. www.plantcell.org.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Microhydraulic Actuation Using Biological Ion Transporters Reconstituted on Artificial BLM

  • Vishnu Baba Sundaresan (a1) and Donald J Leo (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.