Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Luminescence of Alizarin and its Metal Complexes

  • Londa J. Larson (a1) and Jeffrey I. Zink (a1)

Abstract

The red/near-infrared emission spectra of alizarin (1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinonone), the potassium salt of alizarin and the aluminum and zinc complexes of alizarin in the solid state are reported. The emission is assigned to an alizarin localized transition from an in-plane nonbonding orbital delocalized over the anthraquinone rings to a predominantly π* C=O acceptor orbital (nπ* ligand localized excited state). The cobalt, nickel and copper complexes do not emit from their nπ* excited state. In these complexes, metal centered d-d excited states which lie lower in energy than the ligand localized state effectively deactivate the luminescence.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Thompson, R H., Naturally Occurring Ouinones (Academic Press, New York, 1971).
2. Bakola-Christianopoulou, M.N., Polyhedron 3, 729 (1984).
3. Kiel, E.G. and Heertjes, P.M., J. Soc. Dyers Colour 79, 21 (1963).
4. Nunez, R.L., Mochon, M.C. and Perez, A.G., Talanta 33, 587 (1986).
5. Nunez, R.L., Mochon, M.C. and Perez, A.G., Anal. Chim. Acta. 192, 119 (1987).
6. Babko, A.K. and Vdovenko, M.E., Soy. Prog. Chem. 32, 166 (1966).
7. Biryuk, E.A., Nazarenko, V.A. and Ravitskaya, R.V., J. Anal. Chem. USSR 23, 1577 (1968).
8. Kiel, E.G. and Heertjes, P.M., J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 79, 363 (1963).
9. Issa, R.M., El-Ezaby, M.S. and Zewail, A.H., Z. Phys. Chem. 244, 155 (1970).
10. Issa, I.M., Issa, R.M., Idris, K.A. and Hamman, A.M., Egypt. J. Chem., Special Issue “Tourky” 1973, 67.
11. Issa, I.M., Issa, R.M., Idris, K.A. and Hamman, A.M., Indian J. Chem. 14B, 117 (1976).
12. Pilipenko, A.T., Skorokhod, E.G. and Savranskii, L.I., Soy. Prog. Chem. 45, 65 (1979).
13. Muller, A., Kormendy, K., Ruff, F. and Vajda, M., Acta. Chim. Acad. Sci. Hung. 59, 109 (1969).
14. El-Ezaby, M.S., Salem, T.M., Zewail, A.H. and Issa, R., J. Chem. Soc.(B) 1970, 1293.
15. Allen, N.S. and McKellar, J.F., J. Photochem. 5, 317 (1976).
16. Karyakin, A.V., Sorokina, T.S., Ivanov, V.M., Akimova, T.G., Lebedeva, N.A. and Karyakin, A.A., J. Anal. Chem. USSR 32, 888 (1982).
17. Lever, A.B.P., Inorganic Electronic Spectroscopy (Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1968).
18. Eastwood, D. and Gouterman, M., J. Mol. Spec. 35, 359 (1970).
19. Vogler, A. and Kunkely, H., Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem. BD, 425 (1976).
20. Adamson, A.W. and Fleischauer, P.D., Concepts of Inorganic Photochemistry (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1975).

Luminescence of Alizarin and its Metal Complexes

  • Londa J. Larson (a1) and Jeffrey I. Zink (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed