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Leach Resistant Cesium and Strontium-bearing Wasteforms from Hexagonal Tungsten Bronze-Polyacrylonitrile Composite Adsorbers

  • Christopher S. Griffith (a1), Vittorio Luca (a1), Ferdinand Sebesta (a2), Patrick Yee (a1) and Elizabeth Drabarek (a1)...

Abstract

Immobilization of adsorbed Cs+ and Sr2+ on a molybdenum-doped, hexagonal tungsten bronze (HTB)-polyacrylonitrile (PAN) composite adsorbent can be achieved by heating in air at temperatures in the range 600 – 1200 °C. Thermal treatment of the parent composite material at 800 – 1000 °C undergoes a ca. 60% reduction in volume and retains its spherical morphology. For materials prepared at 800 – 1200 °C the full complement of Cs+ and the majority of Sr2+ partition into HTB phases (A∼0.16-0.3MO3; A = Cs, Sr, Na; M = Mo,W), along with sodium cations. The presence of high concentrations of Na+ relative to either Cs+ or Sr2+ does not appear to interfere with the formation of the HTB phase. The fraction (f) of Cs+ and Sr2+ leached from the tungstate phase assemblages is better or comparable with cesium hollandite (Cs0.8Ba0.4Ti8O18; f = ca. 8 × 10−5; rate = <1.2 × 10−4 g m−2d−1) and strontium titanate (SrTiO3; f = 3.1 × 10−3; rate = 2.63 × 10−4 g m−2 day×1), respectively, using a modified PCT test. Furthermore, where aggressive leaching conditions are employed (0.1M HNO3; 150 oC; 4 days), the tungstate phase assemblages display leach resistance orders of magnitude better than the reference phases (Cs+ - f = ca. 5 × 10−3; rate = ca. 1.4 × 10−3 g m−2 day−1; Sr2+ - f = ca. 8 × 10−2; rate = ca. 2.5 × 10−2 g m−2 day−1).

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References

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Leach Resistant Cesium and Strontium-bearing Wasteforms from Hexagonal Tungsten Bronze-Polyacrylonitrile Composite Adsorbers

  • Christopher S. Griffith (a1), Vittorio Luca (a1), Ferdinand Sebesta (a2), Patrick Yee (a1) and Elizabeth Drabarek (a1)...

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