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Interactions of Ge Atoms with High- ê Oxide Dielectric Surfaces

  • Scott K. Stanley (a1) and John G. Ekerdt (a1)

Abstract

Ge is deposited on HfO2 surfaces by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) with GeH4. 0.7-1.0 ML GeHx (x = 0-3) is deposited by thermally cracking GeH4 on a hot tungsten filament. Ge oxidation and bonding are studied at 300-1000 K with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Ge, GeH, GeO, and GeO2 desorption are measured with temperature programmed desorption (TPD) at 400-1000 K. Ge initially reacts with the dielectric forming an oxide layer followed by Ge deposition and formation of nanocrystals in CVD at 870 K. 0.7-1.0 ML GeHx deposited by cracking rapidly forms a contacting oxide layer on HfO2 that is stable from 300-800 K. Ge is fully removed from the HfO2 surface after annealing to 1000 K. These results help explain the stability of Ge nanocrystals in contact with HfO2.

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