Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Improved Quality of Bulk II-VI Substrates for HgcdTe and HgZnTe Epitaxy

  • Sanghamitra Sen (a1) and John E. Stannard (a1)

Abstract

Single crystals of CdTe or dilute alloys of Cd1−yZnyTe (y≤0.04) and CdTe1−zSez (z ≤0.04) with low defect density, high purity and large single-crystal area (>30 cm2) are required as substrates for high-quality epitaxial Hg1−xCdxTe thin films in the infrared (IR) detector industry. Bridgman or gradient freeze is the most common technique used for commercial production of these materials because of its success in producing large area substrates of good quality and reproducibility. For epitaxial growth of Hg1−xZnxTe, which has been of considerable interest in recent years as an IR detector material, the substrate of choice has been Cd0.80Zn0.20Te, for lattice matching with long wavelength Hg1−xZnxTe epitaxial layers (x = 0.13–0.14). The primary focus of this paper is on CdZnTe which is currently the preferred substrate material and most widely used for both HgCdTe and HgZnTe epitaxy. This paper reviews the current status of bulk substrate technology for IR detector applications, highlighting critical issues and essential research areas for further improvement of these materials.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Final Report, Manufacturing Technology for HgCdTe Focal Plane Arrays, USAF, WL Contract No. F33615-86-C-5006 (19871991).
2. Tung, T., DeArmond, L. V., Herald, R. F., Kalisher, M. H., Olson, D. A., Risser, R. F., Stevens, A. P., and Tighe, S. J., SPIE Conf. Proc. 1735, SPIE Int. Sympos. on Opt. Appl. Sci. and Engr., San Diego, July 1992.
3. Cockrum, C. A., Gesswein, F. I., Rosbeck, J. P., and Taylor, S. M., Proc. IRIS Detector Specialty Meeting, Aug. 1991.
4. Bell, S. L. and Sen, S., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 3 (1), 112 (1985).
5. Sen, S., Johnson, S. M., Kiele, J. A., Konkel, W. H. and Stannard, J. E., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol.161, P. 3 (1991).
6. McDevitt, S., John, D. R., Sepich, J. L., Bowers, K. A., Schetzina, J. F., Rai, R. S. and Mahajan, S., Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Vol.161, P. 15 (1991).
7. Johnson, S. M., Rhiger, D. R., Rosbeck, J. P., Peterson, J. M., Taylor, S. M., and Boyd, M. E., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 10, 1499 (1992).
8. Sen, S., Konkel, W. H., Tighe, S. J., Bland, L. G., Sharma, S. R., and Taylor, R. E., J. Crystal Growth 86, 111, (1988).
9. NEVADA Software Package, User's Manual, Turner Associates, P. O. Box 426, Brea, California.
10. Nakagawa, K., Maeda, K. and Takeuchi, S., Appl. Phys. Letters 34, 574, (1979).
11. Vydyanath, H. R., Ellsworth, J., Kennedy, J. J., Dean, B., Johnson, C. J., Neugebauer, G. T., Sepich, J., and Liao, P., J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 10(4), 1476, (1992).
12. Azoulay, M., Rotter, S., Gafni, G., Tenne, R., and Roth, M., J. Crystal Growth 117,276,(1992).
13. Yokota, K., Yoshikawa, T., Inano, S., Morioka, T., and Katayama, S., Appl. Phys. Lett. 56 (9),866, (1990).
14. Mozer, W. E., and Comtois, R. R., Paper presented at 1992 Workshop on Measurement Techniques For Characterization Of HgCdTe Materials, Processing, And Detectors, October 15–16, 1992, Danvers, Massachusetts.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Improved Quality of Bulk II-VI Substrates for HgcdTe and HgZnTe Epitaxy

  • Sanghamitra Sen (a1) and John E. Stannard (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.