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Failure and Formation of Axial Nanowire Heterostructures in Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth

  • Mohanchand Paladugu (a1), Jin Zou (a2), Ya-Nan Guo (a3), Graeme J. Auchterlonie (a4), Hannah J. Joyce (a5), Qiang Gao (a6), H. Hoe Tan (a7), Chennupati Jagadish (a8) and Yong Kim (a9)...

Abstract

To observe the axial growth behavior of InAs on GaAs nanowires, InAs was grown for different growth durations on GaAs nanowires using Au nanoparticles. Through transmission electron microscopy, we have observed the following evolution steps for the InAs growth. (1) In the initial stages of the InAs growth, InAs cluster into a wedge shape preferentially at an edge of the Au/GaAs interface by minimizing Au/InAs interfacial area; (2) with further growth of InAs, the Au particles move sidewards and then downwards by preserving an interface with GaAs nanowire sidewalls. The lower interfacial energy of Au/GaAs than that of Au/InAs is attributed to be the reason for such Au movement. This downward movement of Au nanoparticle later terminates when the nanoparticle encounters InAs growing radially on the GaAs nanowire sidewalls, and with further supply of In and As vapor reactants, the Au nanoparticles assist the formation of InAs branches. These observations give some insights of vapor-liquid-solid growth and the kinks formation in nanowire heterostructures.

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Keywords

Failure and Formation of Axial Nanowire Heterostructures in Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth

  • Mohanchand Paladugu (a1), Jin Zou (a2), Ya-Nan Guo (a3), Graeme J. Auchterlonie (a4), Hannah J. Joyce (a5), Qiang Gao (a6), H. Hoe Tan (a7), Chennupati Jagadish (a8) and Yong Kim (a9)...

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