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Epitaxial Growth of Dilute Magnetic Semiconductors: GaMnN and GaMnP

  • Mark E. Overberg (a1), Cammy R. Abernathy (a1), Stephen J. Pearton (a1), Fred Sharifi (a1), Arthur F. Hebard (a1), Nineta Theodoropoulou (a1), Stephan von Molnar (a2), Madjid Anane (a2) and Peng Xiong (a3)...

Abstract

Epitaxial growth of the dilute magnetic semiconductors GaMnP and GaMnN has been investigated by Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy (GSMBE). GaMnP films grown with < 4.5% Mn show the preferential formation of the second phases MnP and Mn5.64P3, resulting in only a slight deviation from purely diamagnetic behavior. GaMnN films grown on both Al2O3 and Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) derived GaN surfaces show strong ferromagnetism when grown with either C codoping or at elevated temperatures to raise the concentration of n-type carriers. Comparable GaMnN films grown under conditions which produce highly resistive material show only paramagnetism, indicating the importance of carrier concentration on the resulting magnetic behavior. The formation of second phases was not observed in the GaMnN material for Mn concentrations less than 9%.

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