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Enhancement of Cathodoluminescent Characteristic from CaTiO3:Pr3+, by Ga3+ Addition

  • Jung-Woo Byun (a1), Byung-Kyo Lee (a1), Dong-Kuk Kim (a2), Seong-Gu Kang (a3), Seung-Youl Kang (a4) and Kyung-Soo Suh (a4)...


CaTiO3:Pr3+ as an oxide phosphor is expected to be applied for a field emission display(FED) due to its relatively high conductivity. For the practical use, however, the CL intensity of CaTiO3:Pr3+ has to be enhanced. We introduced Ga3+ as a co-activator into the phosphor and investigated the CL characteristics with various Ga3+ concentrations. The CL intensity of CaTiO3:Pr3+ was remarkably increased when Ti4+ atom was replaced by the Ga3+. When the Ga3+ concentration is 5 times of Pr3+ molar concentration, the emission intensity of the CaTiO3:Pr3+ phosphor with Ga3+ is about 5 times higher than Ga3+-free samples. So, it was concluded that the addition of Ga3+ is essential to enhance CL property at low voltage. We proposed the following mechanism that excitation into the host lattice leads to the formation of electrons in the conduction band and holes in the valence band. The electrons in the conduction band recombine with the holes trapped at Ga3+ and this energy is effectively transferred to Pr3+ ion, which gives its own characteristic red emission.



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