Aluminum nitride (AlN) films were grown on silicon (Si) substrates by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). The films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD). The refractive index of the AlN films was determined by ellipsometry. Current-voltage and current-temperature characteristics were performed on metal-AlN-p+ Si structures with Pt, Au and Al as metal electrodes. The characteristics showed that at high field and high temperature the carrier conduction mechanism in the film was dominated by Frenkel-Poole emission. The relative dielectric constant of the AlN films was estimated to be 9.66+0.3 from capacitance-voltage-frequency (C-V-f) measurements on Au-AlN-p+ Si.