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Effects of Concurrent Co or Ti Silicidation on Transient Diffusion and End-of-Range Damage in Phosphorus Implanted Silicon

  • J.W. Honeycutt (a1), J. Ravi (a1) and G. A. Rozgonyi (a1)

Abstract

The effects of Ti and Co silicidation on P+ ion implantation damage in Si have been investigated. After silicidation of unannealed 40 keV, 2×1015 cm-2 P+ implanted junctions by rapid thermal annealing at 900°C for 10–300 seconds, secondary ion mass spectrometry depth profiles of phosphorus in suicided and non-silicided junctions were compared. While non-silicided and TiSi2 suicided junctions exhibited equal amounts of transient enhanced diffusion behavior, the junction depths under COSi2 were significantly shallower. End-of-range interstitial dislocation loops in the same suicided and non-silicided junctions were studied by planview transmission electron microscopy. The loops were found to be stable after 900°C, 5 minute annealing in non-silicided material, and their formation was only slightly effected by TiSi2 or COSi2 silicidation. However, enhanced dissolution of the loops was observed under both TiSi2 and COSi2, with essentially complete removal of the defects under COSi2 after 5 minutes at 900°C. The observed diffusion and defect behavior strongly suggest that implantation damage induced excess interstitial concentrations are significantly reduced by the formation and presence of COSi2, and to a lesser extent by TiSi2. The observed time-dependent defect removal under the suicide films suggests that vacancy injection and/or interstitial absorption by the suicide film continues long after the suicide chemical reaction is complete.

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Effects of Concurrent Co or Ti Silicidation on Transient Diffusion and End-of-Range Damage in Phosphorus Implanted Silicon

  • J.W. Honeycutt (a1), J. Ravi (a1) and G. A. Rozgonyi (a1)

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