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Effect of Annealing on Microstructure in (Doped and Undoped) Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Films

  • W. Beyer (a1) (a2), W. Hilgers (a2), D. Lennartz (a2), F.C. Maier (a2), N.H. Nickel (a1), F. Pennartz (a2) and P. Prunici (a3)...

Abstract

Laser heating and annealing of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) films is of interest for improved material properties. Due to the variety of possible laser treatments with regard to wavelength, pulse duration, scan time etc., the definition of laser impact on the material is a challenge which we try to approach by comparing properties of laser and oven treated materials. Here we report on the effect of oven heat treatment (up to TA= 575°C) on microstructure and hydrogen content of hydrogenated amorphous silicon films, as detected by measurements of infrared absorption and of effusion of hydrogen as well as of implanted helium. The latter technique has been found to measure isolated voids (cavities) of the size of silicon divacancies and larger. Undoped as well as phosphorus and boron doped plasma-deposited a-Si:H films of various hydrogen content (< 15 at.%) were investigated, including undoped device grade a-Si:H. The results show little indication for void-related microstructure in the as-deposited and annealed state for material with a concentration of silicon bonded hydrogen below 5 at. %. At higher hydrogen concentration, evidence is found that hydrogen out-diffusion due to annealing causes isolated voids in concentrations up to about 1020 cm-3. A possible mechanism for the annealing induced (micro-)void generation is discussed.

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Keywords

Effect of Annealing on Microstructure in (Doped and Undoped) Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Films

  • W. Beyer (a1) (a2), W. Hilgers (a2), D. Lennartz (a2), F.C. Maier (a2), N.H. Nickel (a1), F. Pennartz (a2) and P. Prunici (a3)...

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