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Dislocations and Plasticity in Silicon Crystals by 3-D Mesoscopic Simulations

  • L.P. Kubin (a1), A. Moulin (a1) and P. Pirouz (a2)


Several problems related to the dynamics of dislocation sources and the plasticity of silicon crystals are investigated with the help of a mesoscopic simulation. The questions successively examined are the dynamics of a source of perfect dislocations and the conditions under which perfect or partial dislocations are emitted by a source. This leads to a discussion of the initial steps of the model proposed by Pirouz for mechanical twinning and, further, to the suggestion that a relation may exist between several transitions experimentally observed at low temperatures in elemental or compound semi-conductors: a change in the slope of the yield stress vs. temperature curves, a brittle-to-ductile transition and a change in the nature of the mobile dislocations. Finally, simulations are presented of the yield point phenomenon that is a well-known feature of Si and Ge crystals. The results are discussed in terms of evolutionary laws for the total dislocation density during straining.



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