Skip to main content Accessibility help

Dielectric, Conducting, and Photonic Polymers for Devices in Multichip Packaging

  • John F. Mcdonald (a1), Nickolas P. Vlannes (a1), Gary E. Wnek (a2) and Toh-Ming Lu (a3)


Polymeric materials have traditionally enjoyed widespread use in the electronics industry. Recent advances in the identification and synthesis of polymers with unusual electrical and optical properties have opened new opportunities for technological applications. Some of these novel properties are summarized in this paper with an emphasis on how these properties may be usefully exploited in the area of multichip packaging.



Hide All
1. Bergendahl, A. S., McDonald, J. F., Steinvorth, R. H., and Taylor, G. F., in Proceedings of the 3rd International Electrochemical Society Symposium on Very Large Scale Integration Science and Technology, Vol.85-5, edited by Bullis, W. M. and Broydo, S. (Electronics, Dielectrics, and Insulation Divisions, Electrochemical Society) pp. 175184.
2. Taylor, G. F., Donlan, B. J., McDonald, J. F., and Bergendahl, A. S., Proceedings of the Custom Integrated Circuits Conferenc Portland, OR (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers: 1985) pp. 5558.
3. Ballard, D. G. H., Courtis, A., Shirley, I. M., and Taylor, S. C., J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1983, 954.
4. Gagnon, D. R., Capistran, J. D., Karasz, F. E., and Lenz, R. W., Polym. Bull. 82, 5771 (1985).
5. Sichel, E. K., Rubner, M. F., Druy, M. A., Gittleman, J. I., and Bozowski, S., Phys. Rev. B 29, 6716 (1984).
6. Greub, H., Kim, J. S., and McDonald, J. F., Proceedings of the VLSI - Multilayer Interconnection Conference, Santa Clara, CA (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers: 1986) pp. 250258.
7. Basescu, N., Liu, Z.-X., Moses, D., Heeger, A. J., Naarman, H., and Theophilou, N., Nature 327 (4), 403 (1987).
8. Reynolds, J. R., CHEMTECH 1988, 440.
9. Wnek, G. E., MRS Bulletin 12 (8), 36 (1987).
10. Maxfield, M., Wolf, J. F., Miller, G. G.,Frommer, J E., and Schacklette, L. W., J. Electrochem. Soc. 133, 117 (1986).
11. MacDiarmid, A. G. and Ahmad, N., Abstract of Papers, Division of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 193rd National ACS Meeting. Denver (1987), paper 58.
12. Malmros, M. K., Gulbinski, J., III, and Gibbs, W. B. Jr.,, Biosensors 3, 71 (1987).
13. Zinger, B. and Miller, L. L., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 106, 6861 (1984).
14. Burgmayer, P. and Murray, R. W., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104, 6140 (1982).
15. Chao, S. and Wrighton, M. S., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109, 2197 (1987).
16. LaBrecque, M., Mosaic 20, 16 (1989).
17. Rubner, M. F., Morris, P. and Cukor, P., Polym. Prepr. 25 (2), 280 (1984).
18. Clarke, T. C., Krounbi, M. T., Lee, V. Y., and Street, G. B., J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1981, 384.
19. Wnek, G. E., Proc. IUCCP Symp. on Functional Polymers (Plenum, in press).
20. Kobayashi, M., Colaneri, N., Boysel, M., Wudl, F., and Heeger, A. J., J. Chem. Phys. 82, 5771 (1985).
21. Bolognesi, A., Catellani, M., Destri, S., Zamboni, R. and Taliani, C., J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 1988, 246.
22. Singer, K. D., Kuzyk, M. G., and Sohn, J. E., in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, edited by Prasad, P. N. and Ulrich, D. R (Plenum Press, New York, 1988), p. 189.
23. Selvaraj, R., Lin, H. T., and McDonald, J. F., J. Lightwave Tech. LT6, 1034 (1988).
24. Lytel, R., Lipscomb, G. F., Thackara, J., Altman, J., Elizondo, P., Stiller, M., and Sullivan, B. in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, edited by Prasad, P. N. and Ulrich, D. R. (Plenum Press, New York, 1988), p. 415.
25. Thackara, J. I., Lipscomb, G. F., Lytel, R. S., and Ticknor, A. J. in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymers, edited by Heeger, A. J., Orenstein, J., Ulrich, D. R. (Mater. Res. Soc. Proc. 109, Boston, MA 1987) pp. 1927.
26. Thackara, J. I., Lipscomb, G. F., Stiller, M. A., Ticknor, A. J., and Lytel, R., Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1031 (1988).
27. Williams, D., in Electronic and Photonic Applications of Polymers, edited by Bowden, M. J. and Turner, S. R. (American Chemical Society, Washington, D. C., 1988).
28. Willand, C. S., Feth, S. E., Williams, D. J., Green, G. D., Weinschenk, J. I. III, Hall, H. K., and Mulvaney, J. E., in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, edited by Prasad, P. N. and Ulrich, D. R. (Plenum Press, New York, 1988), p. 107.
29. Demartino, R. N., Choe, W. W.., Khamaria, G., Hass, D., Leslie, T., Nelson, G., Stamatoff, J., Stuetz, D., Tang, C. C., and Yoon, H., in Nonlinear Optical and Electroactive Polymers, edited by Prasad, P. N. and Ulrich, D. R. (Plenum Press, New York, 1988), p. 169.
30. Eich, M., Looser, H., Bjorklund, G., Swalen, J., Yoon, D. Y., Sen, A., ”Corona Poling and Real Time Second Harmonic Generation Study of a Novel Covalently Functionalized Amorphous NLO-Polymer,” IBM Research Report (private communication, IBM Research Division, Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA).
31. Kitipichai, P., LaPeruta, R., Korenowski, G. M., Wnek, G. E., Gorodisher, I., and Uhlmann, D. R., ACS Polym. Prepr. (in press).


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed