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Deep-Level Dominated Electrical Characteristics of Au Contacts on β-SiC

  • K. Das (a1), H. S. Kong (a1), J. B. Petit (a1), J. W. Bumgarner (a1), L. G. Matus (a2) and R. F. Davis (a1)...

Abstract

Current-voltage characteristics of Au contacts formed on β-SiC films grown heteroepitaxially on both nominally (100) oriented and off-axis (100) silicon substrates have been investigated. Logarithmic plots of the I-V characteristics in the forward direction indicate space charge limited current conduction through the active volume of the diodes. The β-SiC films grown on nominally (100) oriented substrates show the presence of two deep levels located approximately between 0.26 eV and 0.38 eV below the conduction band edge. In some films on nominal (100) substrates, the I-V characteristics are also influenced by additional traps which are exponentially distributed in energy with a maximum occurring at the conduction band edge. In contrast, the films deposited on off-axis substrates have only one deep level located at approximately 0.49 eV for the 2° off (100) substrates and 0.57 eV for the 4° off (100) substrates. Previous microstructural analysis revealed that the nature and density of defects in the β-SiC heteroepitaxial films on both nominal and off-axis (100) silicon are similar except that the films on nominal (100) substrates have a high density of antiphase domain boundaries. Therefore, the presence of the shallower deep-level states observed in the β-SiC films grown on nominal (100) substrates is speculated to be due to the electrical activity of antiphase domain boundaries.

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