In this paper, we present the first calculations of the electron and hole impact ionizatioi coefficients for both wurtzite and zincblende phase GaN as a function of the applied electrii field. The calculations are made using an ensemble Monte Carlo simulator including the ful details of the conduction and valence bands derived from an empirical pseudopotentia calculation. The interband impact ionization transition rates for both carrier species an determined by direct numerical integration including a wavevector dependent dielectric function It is found that the electron and hole ionization coefficients are comparable in zincblende Ga> at an applied field of ∼ 3 MV/cm, yet vary to a slight degree at both higher and lower applied field strengths. In the wurtzite phase, the electron and hole coefficients are comparable at hig] fields but diverge at lower applied fields. The most striking result is that the ionization rates an predicted to be substantially different for both carrier species between the two phases. It i predicted that the ionization rates for both carrier species in the zincblende phase are significanti; higher than in the wurtzite phase over the full range of applied fields examined.