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Charge Compensation and the Incorporation of Cerium in Zirconolite and Perovskite

  • B.D. Begg (a1), E.R. Vance (a2) and G.R. Lumpkin (a2)

Abstract

The incorporation of cerium, as a simulant for plutonium, has been investigated in both zirconolite and perovskite under oxidising and reducing conditions. The Ce valence in zirconolite was very sensitive to the processing atmosphere, whilst in perovskite the valence of the Ce was determined essentially by the chemical design of the perovskite. Charge compensation in zirconolite and perovskite samples displaying an apparent excess of positive charge was inferred to occur by the formation of cation vacancies, in samples prepared under oxidising conditions, and by trivalent Ti being produced in samples subject to a reducing atmosphere. Oxygen vacancies are inferred to be present in samples exhibiting an apparent excess of negative charge.

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Charge Compensation and the Incorporation of Cerium in Zirconolite and Perovskite

  • B.D. Begg (a1), E.R. Vance (a2) and G.R. Lumpkin (a2)

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