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Characterization of Ruthenium and Ruthenium Oxide Thin Films deposited by Chemical Vapor Deposition for CMOS Gate Electrode Applications

  • Filippos Papadatos (a1), Spyridon Skordas (a1), Steve Consiglio (a1), Alain E. Kaloyeros (a1) and Eric Eisenbraun (a1)...

Abstract

This study describes work carried out to date involving evaluation of the chemical, structural, and electrical performance of ruthenium (Ru) and ruthenium oxide (RuO2) films grown on SiO2 substrates employing metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Diethyl ruthenocene and oxygen were employed as reactant gases for this work, which was carried out using a 200mm wafer cluster tool. The films were characterized using cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy (CS-SEM), four-point resistance probe, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements were also carried out to assess the work function of the deposited films. It was determined that both Ru and RuO2 phases possess near-bulk resistivity and low contamination levels. Importantly, it was observed that the film stoichiometry could be modulated by controlled changes of the processing conditions, and that pure Ru and RuO2 films can be deposited in an oxygen ambient. In order to assess thermal stability, the films were subsequently annealed in forming gas and oxygen ambients, and it was found that the film stability is dependent upon both the deposited phase and the annealing ambient. Results of PMOS gate electrode performance testing of CVD Ru films, has been carried out, and the results are similar to those previously reported for ruthenium-based films.

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Characterization of Ruthenium and Ruthenium Oxide Thin Films deposited by Chemical Vapor Deposition for CMOS Gate Electrode Applications

  • Filippos Papadatos (a1), Spyridon Skordas (a1), Steve Consiglio (a1), Alain E. Kaloyeros (a1) and Eric Eisenbraun (a1)...

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