Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Characterization of Plasma Synthesized Vertical Carbon Nanofibers for Nanoelectronics Applications

  • Jaesung Lee (a1), Philip X.-L. Feng (a1) and Anupama B. Kaul (a2)

Abstract

We report on the material characterization of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) which are assembled into a three-dimensional (3D) configuration for making new nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). High-resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray electron dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS) are employed to decipher the morphology and chemical compositions of the CNFs at various locations along individual CNFs grown on silicon (Si) and refractory nitride (NbTiN) substrates, respectively. The measured characteristics suggest interesting properties of the CNF bodies and their capping catalyst nanoparticles, and growth mechanisms on the two substrates. Laser irradiation on the CNFs seems to cause thermal oxidation and melting of catalyst nanoparticles. The structural morphology and chemical compositions of the CNFs revealed in this study should aid in the applications of the CNFs to nanoelectronics and NEMS.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding Authors, Email: philip.feng@case.edu, anu.kaul@jpl.nasa.gov

References

Hide All
[1] Rueckes, T., Kim, K., Joselevich, E., Tseng, G.Y., Cheung, C.L., Lieber, C.M., Carbon nanotube-based nonvolatile random access memory for molecular computing, Science 289, 9497 (2000).
[2] Feng, X.L., Matheny, M.H., Zorman, C.A., Mehregany, M., Roukes, M.L., Low voltage nanoelectromechanical switches based on silicon carbide nanowires, Nano Lett. 10, 28912896 (2010).
[3] Dujardin, E., Derycke, V., Goffman, M.F., Lefevre, R., Bourgoin, J.P., Self-assembled switches based on electroactuated multiwalled nanotubes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 193107 (2005).
[4] Eriksson, A., Lee, S., Sourab, A., Issacsson, A., Kaunisto, R., Kinaret, J.M., Campbell, E.E.B., Direct transmission detection of tunable mechanical resonance in an individual carbon nanofiber relay, Nano Lett. 8, 12241228 (2008).
[5] Kaul, A.B., Wong, E.W., Epp, L., Hunt, B.D., Electromechanical carbon nanotube switches for high-frequency applications, Nano Lett. 6, 942947 (2006).
[6] Zhang, Y.G., Chang, A., Cao, J., Wang, Q., Kim, W., Li, Y.M., Morris, N., Yenilmez, E., Kong, J., Dai, H.J., Electric-field directed growth of aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 31553157 (2001).
[7] Teo, K.B.K., Chhowalla, M., Amaratunga, G.A., Milne, W.I., Pirio, G., Legagneux, P., Wyczisk, F., Olivier, J., Pribat, D., Characterization of plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition carbon nanotubes by Auger electron spectroscopy, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 116121 (2002).
[8] Melechko, A.V., Merkulov, V.I., McKnight, T.E., Guillorn, M.A., Klein, K.L., Lowndes, D.H., Simpson, M.L., Vertically aligned carbon nanofibers and related structures: controlled synthesis and directed assembly, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 041301 (2005).
[9] Zheng, H.M., Smith, R.K., Jun, Y.-W., Kisielowski, C., Dahmen, U., Alivisatos, A.P., Observation of single colloidal platinum nanocrystal growth trajectories, Science 324, 13091312 (2009).
[10] Sato, S., Nozaki, S., Morisaki, H., Photo-oxidation of germanium nanostructures deposited by the cluster-beam evaporation technique, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 15181521 (1997).

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Characterization of Plasma Synthesized Vertical Carbon Nanofibers for Nanoelectronics Applications

  • Jaesung Lee (a1), Philip X.-L. Feng (a1) and Anupama B. Kaul (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.