Knowledge of the carrier recombination, relaxation, and transport processes in InN materials is essential for determining the applicability of this material system in photonic and electronic applications. In this article, we provide a review of time-resolved spectroscopy experimental techniques and our recent results using these techniques to measure transient processes in InN. Specifically, subpicosecond differential transmission experiments were used to determine the carrier recombination lifetime and the carrier thermalization time of InN. In those experiments, we observed a fast initial hot carrier cooling followed by a slower recombination process. At short times after pulsed excitation, modeling of the observed relaxation suggests that the dominant energy relaxation process is longitudinal optical phonon scattering modified by a strong hot phonon effect at room temperature. An inverse proportionality between the carrier lifetime and the free electron concentration was found. This suggests that donor-like defects or impurities may stimulate the formation of non-radiative recombination centers. Furthermore, we report the measurements of in-plane carrier transport and hole mobility of an InN epilayer by time-resolved transient grating spectroscopy using subpicosecond pulses at 800 nm and ∼1900 nm for grating writing and probing, respectively. The ambipolar diffusion coefficient Da = 2.0 cm2/s and hole mobility µh = 39 cm2/Vs at 300 K near the InN surface were determined by monitoring the transient grating kinetics at various grating periods.