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Carbon Nanotube-Induced Changes of Crystal Growth In Polymer Films

  • Georgi Yordanov Georgiev (a1), Yaniel Cabrera (a2), Lauren Wielgus (a3), Zarnab Iftikhar (a4), Michael Mattera (a5), Peter Gati (a6), Austin Potter (a7) and Peggy Cebe (a8)...


Isotactic Polypropylene (iPP) nanocomposites with low concentrations of multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) 0-1% were studied, using differential scanning calorimetry and Avrami analysis. The nanocomposites were isothermally crystallized at 135°C, in order to measure the effect of nanotubes on the kinetics of crystallization. In our study there is a great effect of the CNTs on the iPP crystallization kinetics. The Avrami analysis shows increase in the crystallization rate constant and constancy the Avrami exponent with increase of the CNTs concentration. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the heat flow exotherm and the peak time for crystallization (tp) change dramatically. For iPP, the carbon nanotubes serve as nucleation agents to speed up the crystallization process.



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