Skip to main content Accessibility help

An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Stick-Slip, Steady-State and Roughness Dominated Sliding in Fiber-Reinforced Composites

  • Thomas J. Mackin (a1)


The mechanical properties of fiber reinforced composites depends strongly upon the properties of the fiber/matrix interface. Enhanced fracture resistance and strain to failure are synonymous with debonding and sliding of the reinforcement phase. Thus, the two key properties of the composite are the interfacial toughness and the post-debond sliding stress. After debonding a variety of interfacial sliding phenomena are noted, including: stick-slip, steady-state, and roughness dominated sliding. The interfacial properties, including the coefficient of friction, the radial clamping pressure, asperity amplitude, the elastic properties of the constituents, and the compliance of the test machine, each play a role in the operative sliding phenomenon. Experiments have been conducted to explore each of these phenomena. In addition, models have been developed that rationalize all of the observed behavior.



Hide All
1. Aveston, J., Cooper, G. A. and Kelly, A., “Single and Multiple Fracture,” Conference Proceedings, National Physical Laboratory, pp. 1526, 1971.
2. Drzal, L. T., Rich, M. J. and Lloyd, P. F.,“Adhesion of Graphite Fibers to Epoxy Matrices: I. The Role of Fiber Surface Treatment,” J. Adhesion, Vol. 16, pp. 130, 1982.
3. Kelly, A. and Tyson, W. R., “Tensile Properties of Fiber-Reinforced Metals: Copper/Tungsten and Copper/Molybdenum,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, Vol. 13, pp. 329–250, 1965.
4. Kerans, R. J., Hay, R. S., Pagano, N. J. and Parthasarathy, T. A.,“The Role of the Fiber-Matrix Interface in Ceramic Composites,” Ceramic Bulletin, Vol. 68, No. 2, 1989.
5. Curtin, W. A.,“Theory of Mechanical Properties of Ceramic-Matrix Composites,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 74[11], 2837–45, 1991.
6. Evans, A. G., “The Mechanical Properties of Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic, Metal and Intermetallic Matrix Composites,” High Performance Composites for the 1990's.” Eds. Das, S. K., Bullard, C. P. and Marikar, F., The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, 1991.
7. Mackin, T. J., Warren, P. D., and Evans, A. G., “Effects of Fiber Roughness on Interface Sliding in Composites,” Acta Metall. Mater. Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 12511257, 1992.
8. Jero, P. D. and Kerans, R. J., “The Contribution of Interfacial Roughness to Sliding Friction of Ceramic Fibers in a Glass Matrix,” Scripta Met. et Mat., 24, 2315–18 (1990).
9. Jero, P. D., Kerans, R. J., and Parthasarathy, T. A., “Effect of Interfacial Roughness on The Frictional Stress Measured Using Push-out Tests,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., V74, pp 2793–801, Nov. 1911.
10. Carter, W. C., Butler, E. P., and Fuller, E. R., “Micro-Mechanical Aspects of Asperity-Controlled Friction in Fiber-Toughened Ceramic Composites,” Scripta Met. et Mat. Vol. 25, pp. 579584, 1991.
11. Mackin, T. J., Yang, J. Y., Levi, C. G. and Evans, A. G.,“Environmentally compatible double coating concepts for sapphire fiber-reinforced γ-TiAl,” Mat. Sci and Eng., A161(1993) 285293.
12. Warren, P. D., Mackin, T. J. and Evans, A. G., “Design, Analysis and Application of an Improved Push-Through Test For Measuring Interface Properties in Composites,” Acta Metall. Mater. Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 12431249, 1992.
13. Kerans, R. J. and Parthasarathy, T. A., “Theoretical Analysis of the Fiber Pull-out and Push-out Tests,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 74[1]585–96,1991.
14. Bright, J. D., Danchaivijit, S., and Shetty, D. K., “Interfacial Sliding Friction in Silicon CarbideBorosilicate Glass Composites: A Comparison of Pullout and Pushout Tests,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 74[1]115–22, 1991.
15. Hutchinson, J. W. and Jensen, H. M., “Models of Fiber Debonding and Pullout in Brittle Composites Wiith Friction,” Mechanics of Materials, 9, 139,1990.
16. Gao, Y.-C., Mai, Y.-W. and Cotterell, B., “Fracture of Fiber-Reinforced Materials,” J. Appl. Math and Phys. (ZAMP), 39, 550572, 1988.
17. Walls, D., Bao, G., and Zok, F., “Effects of Fiber Failure on Fatigue Cracking in a Ti/SiC Composite,” Scripta Met. et Mat. Vol. 25, pp. 911916, 1991.
18. Mackin, T. J., Yang, J. Y., and Warren, P. D., “Influence of Fiber Roughness on the Sliding Behavior of Sapphire Fibers in TiAl and Glass Matrices,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 75[12] 3358–62 (1992).
19. The Science of Fractal Images edited by Peitgen, H.-O. and Saupe, D., Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988.
20. Cook, R. F., Thouless, M. D., Clarke, D. R., and Kroll, M. C., “Stick-Slip During Fibre Pullout," Scripta Met., Vol. 23, pp. 17251730, 1989.

An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Stick-Slip, Steady-State and Roughness Dominated Sliding in Fiber-Reinforced Composites

  • Thomas J. Mackin (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed