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Alkali Activated Cementitious Materials: An Overview

  • D. M. Roy (a1) and M. R. Silsbee (a1)


Alkali-activated cementitious materials have considerable potential, with properties ranging from very high early strength to very high long term strength and low porosity. The role of alkalis in activating industrial by-products such as ground granulated (glassy) blast-furnace slag, ultra-fine silica fume or other by-product silicas, glassy fly ashes, and other amorphous materials is discussed. These by-product materials are activated by alkali additions which break the strong silicon oxygen bonds in the silicate or alumino-silicate network, accompanied by the formation of new reaction products. The role of the different components in multi-component activated cements on the reactivity and the nature of the resultant products is discussed. Characterization of starting materials and reaction products by XRD, SEM (including environmental SEM), chemical, and particle characterization techniques has been made. Additional results include investigation of pore solution chemistry as a function of time. Some inferences for long term durability are discussed.



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Alkali Activated Cementitious Materials: An Overview

  • D. M. Roy (a1) and M. R. Silsbee (a1)


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