Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 February 2011
The electrical induced structural transformation of Ge2Sb2Te5 thin film in phase change memory device was investigated using micro-Raman spectroscopy and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM). Selected area electron diffraction (SAD) pattern showed that the electrical-induced Ge2Sb2Te5 film was crystallized into a face-centered cubic structure. Micro-Raman spectra show that the Ge2Sb2Te5 active layer at the high resistance state exhibited two minor peaks superposed on the broad peak after several switch cycles, which is identical to those of the Ge2Sb2Te5 active layer at the low resistance state. This is most likely due to the accumulation of segregated crystallites. TEM results suggest that the existence of nano-sized nuclei clusters resulted in the reduced resistance for the Ge2Sb2Te5 active layer at the high resistance state after first several switches. The dependence of resistance on the cycle number indicates that the deterioration of the Ge2Sb2Te5 active layer is resulted from the incomplete amorphization process, which is consistent with the micro-Raman results.
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