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Strain, Stress, and Magnetic Surfaceanisotropy of Epitaxial FE(110)/MO (110) Multilayers

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 February 2011

R.M. Osgood III
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305
B.M. Clemens
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305
R.L. White
Affiliation:
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305
S. Brennan
Affiliation:
Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory
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Abstract

Grazing incidence and asymmetric X-ray diffraction were used to measure the stress and strain state of Fe(110)/Mo(110) Multilayers. The highest stress in the Fe constituent of the multilayer was along the [110] in-plane direction and was due to interaction with the substrate. The Magnetic anisotropy of the Fe Multilayer constituent was measured and the magnetic surface anisotropy, which favored in-plane [001] magnetization, was deduced. In contrast, the magnetic surface anisotropy of a single layer of Fe on W preferred in-plane [110] magnetization, in agreement with the Néel Model.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1994

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References

[1] Elmers, H. J. and Gradmann, U.. App. Phys. A., 51, 1990. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
[2] Néel, L.. Journal Physics Radium 15:255, 1954. Google Scholar
[3] Clemens, B.M., Osgood, R.M., Payne, A.P., Lairson, B.M., Brennan, S., White, R.L., and Nix, W. D.. In-situ observation of anisotropie strain relaxation in epitaxial Fe(llO) films on Mo(110). J. Mag. Magnetic Mats., 121, 1993. Google Scholar
[4] Bain, J.A.. Structural Characterization of Metallic Thin Films and Multilayers Using X-ray Diffraction. PhD thesis, Stanford University, 1993. Google Scholar
[5] Bain, J.A., Chyung, L.J., Brennan, S., and Clemens, B.M.. Phys. Rev. B page 1184, 1991. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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[7] Gradmann, U. and Waller, G.. Surface Science, 116, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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