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Dialkylenecarbonate-Bridged Polysilsesquioxanes: Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Sol-Gels with a Thermally Labile Bridging Group

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 February 2011

Douglas A. Loy
Affiliation:
Catalysts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185–1407, daloy@sandia.gov
James V. Beach
Affiliation:
Catalysts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185–1407, daloy@sandia.gov
Brigitta M. Baugher
Affiliation:
Catalysts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185–1407, daloy@sandia.gov
Roger A. Assink
Affiliation:
Catalysts Department, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185–1407, daloy@sandia.gov
Kenneth J. Shea
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717–2025
Joseph Tran
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92717–2025
James H. Small
Affiliation:
Polymers and Coatings Group, MST-7, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545
Corresponding
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Abstract

In this paper, we introduce a new approach for altering the properties of bridged polysilsesquioxane xerogels using post-processing modification of the polymeric network. The bridging organic group contains latent functionalities that can be liberated thermally, photochemically, or by chemical means after the gel has been processed to a xerogel. These modifications can produce changes in density, solubility, porosity, and or chemical properties of the material. Since every monomer possesses two latent functional groups, the technique allows for the introduction of high levels of functionality in hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Dialkylenecarbonate-bridged polysilsesquioxane gels were prepared by the sol-gel polymerization of bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)carbonate (1) and bis(triethoxysilylisobutyl)-carbonate (2). Thermal treatment of the resulting non-porous xerogels and aerogels at 300–350°C resulted in quantitative decarboxylation of the dialkylenecarbonate bridging groups to give new hydroxyalkyl and olefinic substituted polysilsesquioxane monolithic xerogels and aerogels that can not be directly prepared through direct sol-gel polymerization of organotrialkoxysilanes.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 1999

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References

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Dialkylenecarbonate-Bridged Polysilsesquioxanes: Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Sol-Gels with a Thermally Labile Bridging Group
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Dialkylenecarbonate-Bridged Polysilsesquioxanes: Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Sol-Gels with a Thermally Labile Bridging Group
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