Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Thermo-mechanical and swelling properties of three-dimensional-printed poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate/silica nanocomposites

  • John Ryan C. Dizon (a1) (a2), Qiyi Chen (a1), Arnaldo D. Valino (a1) and Rigoberto C. Advincula (a1)

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) printed poly (ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) objects have been reinforced with 1%, 3% and 5% silica (SiO2) nanoparticles. Rheological characterizations were conducted for each formulation and 3D-printed using a stereolithographic apparatus (SLA) 3D printer. The tensile and compressive properties of the as-printed nanocomposites were investigated and compared with unreinforced samples. Additionally, the mechanical properties of the objects before and after swelling the samples in deionized water were compared with as-printed ones. Adding SiO2 increased the tensile and compressive strengths of the 3D-printed PEGDA. The tensile and compressive strengths of swollen PEGDA/SiO2 nanocomposite specimens were generally higher than the unswollen specimens.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address all correspondence to Rigoberto C. Advincula at rca41@case.edu

References

Hide All
1.Dizon, J., Espera, A.H., Chen, Q., and Advincula, R.: Mechanical characterization of 3D-printed polymers. Additive Manuf. 20, 44 (2018).
2.Attaran, M.: The rise of 3-D printing: the advantages of additive manufacturing over traditional manufacturing. Bus. Horizons 60, 677 (2017).
3.Weng, Z., Zhou, Y., Lin, W., Senthil, T., and Wu, L.: Structure-property relationship of nano enhanced stereolithography resin for desktop SLA 3D printer. Composites: Part A 88, 234 (2016).
4.Crivello, J. and Reichmanis, E.: Photopolymer materials and processes for advanced technologies. Chem. Mater. 26, 533 (2014).
5.Kannurpatti, A., Anseth, J., and Bowman, C.: A study of the evolution of mechanical properties and structural heterogeneity of polymer networks formed by photopolymerizations of multifunctional (meth)acrylates. Polymer 39, 2507 (1998).
6.Gojzewski, H., Sadej, M., Andrzejewska, E., and Kokowska, M.: Nanoscale Young's modulus and surface morphology in photocurable polyacrylate/nanosilica composites. Eur. Polym. J. 88, 205 (2017).
7.Sadej-Bajerlain, M., Gojzewski, H., and Andrzejewska, E.: Monomer/modified nanosilica systems: photopolymerization kinetics and composite characterization. Polymer 52, 1495 (2011).
8.Palmero, P.: Structural ceramic nanocomposites: a review of properties and powders’ synthesis methods. Nanomaterials 5, 656 (2015).
9.Beun, S., Glorieux, T., Devaux, J., Vreven, J., and Leloup, G.: Characterization of nanofilled compared to universal and microfilled composites. Dental Mater. 23, 51 (2007).
10.Manapat, J., Mangadlao, J., Tiu, B., Tritchler, G., and Advincula, R.: High-strength stereolithographic 3D printed nanocomposites: graphene oxide metastability. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 10085 (2017).
11.de Leon, A., Chen, Q., Palaganas, N., Palaganas, J., Manapat, J., and Advincula, R.: High performance polymer nanocomposites for additive manufacturing applications. React. Funct. Polym. 103, 141 (2016).
12.Liu, H. and Mo, J.: Study on nanosilica reinforced stereolithography resin. J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. 29, 909 (2010).
13.Gong, H., Beauchamp, M., Perry, S., Woolley, A., and Nordin, G.: Optical approach to resin formulation for 3D printed microfluidics. RSC Adv. 5, 106621 (2015).
14.Rogers, C., Pagaduan, J., Nordin, G., and Woolley, A.: Single-monomer formulation of polymerized polyethylene glycol diacrylate as a nonadsorptive material for microfluidics. Anal. Chem. 83, 6418 (2011).
15.Kim, P., Jeong, H., Khademhosseini, A., and Suh, K.: Fabrication of non-biofouling polyethylene glycol micro- and nanochannels by ultraviolet-assisted irreversible sealing. Lab. Chip. 6, 1432 (2006).
16.Cuchiara, M., Allen, A., Chen, T., Miller, J., and West, J.: Multilayer microfluidic PEGDA hydrogels. Biomaterials 31, 5491 (2010).
17.Sacca, A., Pedicini, R., Carbone, A., and Passalacqua, E.: Comparative investigation on nano-sized SiO2 as a Filler for Proton Exchange Membranes (PEM) Fuel Cells. ECS Trans. 11, 1553 (2007).
19.Chartier, T., Badev, A., Abouliatima, Y., Lebaudy, P., and Lecamp, L.: Stereolithography process: influence of the rheology of silica suspensions and of the medium on polymerization kinetics – Cured depth and width. J. Eur. Ceramic Soc. 32, 1625 (2012).
20.Hinczewski, C., Corbel, S., and Chartier, T.: Ceramic suspensions suitable for stereolithography. J. Eur. Ceramic Soc. 18, 583 (1998).
21.Wozniak, M., de Hazan, T., Graule, T., and Kata, D.: Rheology of UV curable colloidal silica dispersions for rapid prototyping applications. J. Eur. Ceramic Soc. 31, 2221 (2011).
22.Wozniak, M., Graule, T., de Hazan, Y., Kata, D., and Lis, J.: Highly loaded UV curable nanosilica dispersions for rapid prototyping applications. J. Eur. Ceramic Soc. 29, 2259 (2009).
23.Ottenbrite, R., Kinam, P., and Okano, T.: Biomedical Applications of Hydrogels Handbook. Springer-Verlag, New York (2010).
24.Tighe, B.: The role of permeability and related properties in the design of synthetic hydrogels for biomedical applications. Br. Polym. J. 18, 8 (1986).
25.Wong, R., Ashton, M., and Dodou, K.: Effect of crosslinking agent concentration on the properties of unmedicated hydrogels. Pharmaceutics 7, 305 (2015).
26.Intertek, http://www.intertek.com/polymers/testlopedia/tga-astm-e1131/ (accessed September 2017).
28.Cornelissen, J. and Waterman, H.: The viscosity temperature relationship of liquids. Chem. Eng. Sci. 4, 238 (1955).
29.Horkay, F. and Zrinyi, M.: Studies on mechanical and swelling behavior of polymer networks on the basis of the scaling concept. 7. Effect of deformation on the swelling equilibrium concentration of gels. Macromolecules 21, 3260 (1998).
30.Oka, Y., Sakohara, S., Gotoh, T., and Iizawa, T.: Measurements of mechanical properties on a swollen hydrogel by a tension test method. Polym. J. 36, 59 (2004).
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Dizon et al. supplementary material
Dizon et al. supplementary material 1

 Word (946 KB)
946 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed