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Stress-Induced Void Formation in Metal Lines

  • Paul A. Flinn, Anne Sauter Mack, Paul R. Besser and Thomas N. Marieb

Extract

The problem of stress-induced voiding in the metal lines used for VLSI interconnections appeared about 10 years ago and was first reported in the literature in 1984. Some typical voids are shown in Figure 1. It is not entirely coincidental that the problem is of about the same age as the personal computer. The continuing advances in process technology that make possible the ever lower costs and improved performance of VLSI devices often have unexpected and troublesome side effects. Continuous attention to potential effects of process changes on the behavior of the materials comprising a VLSI chip is essential to avoid passing on problems to customers. The history of stress-induced voiding provides a good illustration.

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Stress-Induced Void Formation in Metal Lines

  • Paul A. Flinn, Anne Sauter Mack, Paul R. Besser and Thomas N. Marieb

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